The Australian species of Dolichurus Latreille are revised. The revision includes a key to species, diagnoses, descriptions, illustrations of important characters, and distribution maps. Four species are recognised, three of which are new: D. ]astos sp. n., D. carbonarius, D. crenatus sp. n., and D. yungaburra sp. n. Relationships among Australian Dolichurus and extralimital species are briefly discussed.