Morphological and taxonomical review of the genus Nirmides Hering (Lepidoptera, Limacodidae) with description of eight new species

in Insect Systematics & Evolution
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The genus Nirmides Hering, 1931 is revised. Nowadays it includes 17 species, known from Thailand, Vietnam and the Andamans to the Philippines. Eight species are described as new to science: N. siamasp. n. (Thailand), N. ihleisp. n. (Thailand), N. dianasp. n. (Andaman Islands), N. samaressp. n. (Philippines, Samar), N. lourensisp. n. (Philippines, Luzon), N. similissp. n. (Philippines, Mindanao), N. kanlaonensissp. n. (Philippines, Negros), and N. hollowayisp. n. (Borneo). Lectotypes are designated for Susica basalis Walker, 1862 and Nirmides basalis f. fusca Hering, 1931. The taxon Nirma micron van Eecke, 1929 is removed from synonymy with Nirmides basalis (Walker, 1862) and restored to a separate species. A new synonymy is proposed: Nirmides micron (van Eecke, 1929) = Nirmides manwahi Holloway, 1990, syn. n. The homology of the sclerites of the male genitalia is discussed; the musculature of the male genitalia is examined. A key to species is given.

Morphological and taxonomical review of the genus Nirmides Hering (Lepidoptera, Limacodidae) with description of eight new species

in Insect Systematics & Evolution

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References

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Figures

  • View in gallery

    External view of Nirmides spp. (1) N. basalis (Walker, 1862), Peninsular Malaysia, ♂ (in MWM); (2) N. basalis (Walker, 1862), Borneo, ♀ (in MWM); (3) N. micron (van Eecke, 1929), Borneo, ♂ (in MWM); (4) N. altadimSolovyev & Witt, 2009, northern Thailand, ♂ (in MWM); (5) N. traniSolovyev & Witt, 2009, Vietnam, ♂ (in CAS); (6) N. ihlei sp. n., holotype, Thailand (in MWM); (7) N. purpureaHolloway, 1986, northern Thailand, ♂ (in MWM); (8) N. diana sp. n., holotype, India: Andaman islands, ♂ (in MWM); (9) N. diana sp. n., paratype, India: Andaman islands, ♂ (in MWM); (10) N. pura (West, 1932), Philippines: Mindanao, ♂ (in MWM); (11) N. mimurSolovyev & Witt, 2009, holotype, Vietnam, ♂ (in MWM); (12) N. mimurSolovyev & Witt, 2009, paratype, Laos, ♀ (in MWM); (13) N. siama sp. n., holotype, northern Thailand, ♂ (in MWM); (14) N. siama sp. n., paratype, northern Thailand, ♂ (in MWM); (15) N. samares sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Samar, ♂ (in MWM); (16) N. lourensi sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Luzon, ♂ (in MWM); (17) N. lourensi sp. n., paratype, Philippines: Luzon, ♀ (in MWM); (18) N. similis sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Mindanao, ♂ (in MWM); (19) N. kanlaonensis sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Negros, ♂ (in MWM); (20) N. kanlaonensis sp. n., paratype, Philippines: Negros, ♀ (in MWM); (21) N. montanaHolloway, 1986, Borneo, ♂ (in MWM); (22) N. flavissimaHolloway, 1986, holotype, Peninsular Malaysia, ♂ (in MWM); (23) N. flavissimaHolloway, 1986, Peninsular Malaysia, ♂ (in MWM); (24) N. hollowayi sp. n., holotype, Borneo, ♂ (in MWM). This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/1876312x.

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    Morphology and musculature of male genitalia of Nirmides spp. (25) N. purpureaHolloway, 1986, southern Vietnam, caudal view, the lobes of uncus and socii are spread; (26) N. traniSolovyev & Witt, 2009, southern Vietnam, caudal view; (27) N. purpureaHolloway, 1986, southern Vietnam, lateral view; (28) N. traniSolovyev & Witt, 2009, southern Vietnam, lateral view.

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    Male genitalia of Nirmides spp. (29) N. basalis (Walker, 1862), lectotype, Borneo (in HDOU, genitalia slide No. 1477 Hope Ent. Coll.) (image produced by J.E. Hogan and A. Spooner); (30) N. micron (van Eecke, 1929), holotype, Sumatra (in RMNH, genitalia slide No. LIMAC-12-03 A. Solovyev); (31) N. micron (van Eecke, 1929), holotype of N. manwahi Holloway, 1990, Sumatra (in NHM, genitalia slide No. 1164) (image produced by Alessandro Giusti); (32) N. altadimSolovyev & Witt, 2009, holotype, N. Thailand (in MWM, genitalia slide 14307); (33) N. traniSolovyev & Witt, 2009, holotype, Vietnam (in MWM); (34) N. ihlei sp. n., holotype, Thailand (in MWM, genitalia slide 23183). The eighth abdominal segment is shown below the genitalia; the tergite is shown on the right side and the sternite on the left.

  • View in gallery

    Male genitalia of Nirmides spp. (35) N. purpureaHolloway, 1986, Sumatra (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20024); (36) N. pura (West, 1932), Philippines: Mindanao (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20020); (37) N. diana sp. n., holotype, India: Andaman islands (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20030); (38) N. mimurSolovyev & Witt, 2009, holotype, Vietnam (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 17494); (39) N. siama sp. n., holotype, Thailand (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 23149) (image produces by Dmitry F. Shovkoon); (40) N. samares sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Samar (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20003). The eighth abdominal segment is shown below the genitalia; the tergite is shown on the right side and the sternite on the left.

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    Male genitalia of Nirmides spp. (41) N. lourensi sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Luzon (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20006); (42) N. similis sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Mindanao (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20004); (43) N. kanlaonensis sp. n., holotype, Philippines: Negros (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20021); (44) N. flavissimaHolloway, 1986, Peninsular Malaysia (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20028); (45) N. montanaHolloway, 1986, Borneo (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20027); (46) N. hollowayi sp. n., holotype, Borneo (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20048). The eighth abdominal segment is shown below the genitalia; the tergite is shown on the right side and the sternite on the left.

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    Female genitalia of Nirmides spp. (47) N. basalis (Walker, 1862), Borneo (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20064); (48) N. lourensi sp. n., paratype, Philippines: Luzon (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20053); (49) N. kanlaonensis sp. n., paratype, Philippines: Negros (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20063); (50) N. kanlaonensis sp. n., paratype, Philippines: Negros (in MWM, genitalia slide No. 20054).

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