New fossil wasps (Hymenoptera, Apocrita) from the Middle Jurassic of China

in Insect Systematics & Evolution
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Two new species, Symphytopterus graciler sp. nov. of the family Ephialtitidae and Praeaulacus byssinus sp. nov. of the family Praeaulacidae, are described and illustrated from the late Middle Jurassic of Jiulongshan Formation at Daohugou in Inner Mongolia, China. Based on new information on S. graciler sp. nov. and P. byssinus sp. nov., two taxonomic keys to the known species of genera Symphytopterus and Praeaulacus are provided. By comparing the wings of Symphytopterus, we find that the change of the veins length is the main interspecific difference and S. liasinus may occupy the most basal position in Symphytopterus.

Insect Systematics & Evolution

An International Journal of Systematic Entomology

Sections

References

ChenW., JiQ., LiuD.Y., ZhangY., SongB. & LiuX.Y. (2004) Isotope geochronology of the fossil-bearing beds in the Daohugou area, Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia. Regional Geology of China23: 11651169. (in Chinese).

EngelM.S. & RenD. (2008) New snakeflies from the Jiulongshan Formation of Inner Mongolia, China (Raphidioptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Sociaty 81: 188193.

GibsonG.A.P. (1999) Sister group relationships of the Platygastroidea aud Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): an alternate hypothesis to Rasoitsyn (1988). Zoologica Scripta 28: 125138.

GuJ.J., MontealegreZ.F., RobertD., EngelM.S., QiaoG.X. & RenD. (2012) Wing stridulation in a Jurassic katydid (Insecta, Orthoptera) produced low-pitched musical calls to attract females. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109: 38683873.

HuangJ.D., RenD., SinitshenkovaN.D. & ShihC.K. (2008) New fossil mayflies (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) from the Middle Jurassic of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China. Insect Science 15: 193198.

JenningsJ.T. & DeansA.R. (2006) Aulacidae. In: The Tree of Life Web Project, available online at http://tolweb.org/Aulacidae/23534/2006.05.22.

JohnsonN.F. (1988) Midcoxal articulations and the phylogeny of the order Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81: 870881.

LiL.F., ShihC.K. & RenD. (2013) Two new wasps (Hymenoptera: Stephanoidea: Ephialtitidae) from the Middle Jurassic of China. Acta Geologica Sinica English Edition 87: 14861494.

LiY.J., NelA., RenD. & PangH. (2011) A new genus and species of hawker dragonfly of uncertain affinities from the Middle Jurassic of China (Odonata: Aeshnoptera). Zootaxa 2927: 5762.

LiuL.X., ShihC.K. & RenD. (2012) Two new species of Ptychopteridae and Trichoceridae from the Middle Jurassic of northeastern China (Insecta: Diptera: Nematocera). Zootaxa 3501: 5562.

LiuY.S., SinitshenkovamN.D., RenD. & ShihC.K. (2011) Pronemouridae fam. nov. (Insecta: Plecoptera), the stem group of Nemouridae and Notonemouridae, from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China. Palaeontology 54: 923933.

LuY., YaoY.Z. & RenD. (2011) Two new genera and species of fossil true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Pachymeridiidae) from northeastern China. Zootaxa 2835: 4152.

OeserR. (1961) Vergleichend-morphologischen Untersuchungen tiber den Ovipositor den Hymenopteren. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 37: 3124.

RasnitsynA.P. (1972) [Praeaulacidae (Hymenoptera) from the Upper Jurassic of [Karatau]. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal 1: 7287. (in Russian).

RasnitsynA.P. (1975) Hymenoptera Apocrita of Mesozoic. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo lnstituta Acadernii Nauk SSSR. Nauka Press, Moscow, p. 134. (in Russian)

RasnitsynA.P. (1990a) Hymenopterans. Vespida. Transactions of the Paleontological Institute, Academy of Sciences of the USSR 239: 177205. (in Russian)

RasnitsynA.P. (1990b) [New representatives of the hymenopterous family Praeaulacidae from Early Cretaceous Buryatia and Mongolia]. Vestnik Zoologii 6: 2731. (in Russian)

RasnitsynA.P. & ZhangH.C. (2010) Early Evolution of Apocrita (Insecta, Hymenoptera) as Indicated by New Findings in the Middle Jurassic of Daohugou, Northeast China. Acta Geologica Sinica English Edition 84: 834873.

RasnitsynA.P., AnsorgeJ. & ZessinW. (2003) New hymenopterous insects (Insecta: Hymenoptera) from the Lower Toarcian (Lower Jurassic) of Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 227: 321342.

RenD.,LabandeiraC.C., Santiago-BlayJ.A., RasnitsynA.P.,ShihC.K., BashkuevA.LoganM.A.V., HottonC.L. & DilcherD. (2009) A probable pollination mode before angiosperms: Eurasian, long-proboscid scorpionflies. Science 326: 841847.

RenD., ShihC.K., GaoT.P., YaoY.Z. & ZhaoY.Y. (2010) Silent Stories-Insect Fossil Treasures from Dinosaur Era of the Northeastern China. Science Press, Beijing, China.

ShiC.F., YangQ. & RenD. (2011) Two new fossil lacewing species from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China (Neuroptera: Grammolingiidae). Acta Geologica Sinica English Edition 85: 482489.

TanJ.J., RenD., ShihC.K. & YangX.K. (2013) New schizophorid fossils from China and possible evolutionary scenarios for Jurassic archostematan beetles. Journal of Systematic Paleontology 11: 4762.

WangY.J., LiuZ.Q., WangX., ShihC.K., ZhaoY.Y., EngelE.S. & RenD. (2010) Ancient pinnate leaf mimesis among lacewings. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107: 1621216215.

WeiD.D., ShihC.K. & RenD. (2012) Arcofuzia cana gen. et sp. n. (Insecta, Blattaria, Fuziidae) from the Middle Jurassic sediments of Inner Mongolia, China. Zootaxa 3597: 2532.

WangY.J., LabandeiraC.C., ShihC.K., DingQ.L., WangC., ZhaoY.Y. & RenD. (2012a) Jurassic mimicry between a hangingfly and a ginkgo from China. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109: 2051420519.

WangM., ShihC.K. & RenD. (2012b) Platyxyela gen. nov. (Hymenoptera, Xyelidae, Macroxyelinae) from the Middle Jurassic of China. Zootaxa 3456: 8288.

YangQ., MakarkinV.N., WintertonS.L., KhramovA.V. & RenD. (2012) A Remarkable New Family of Jurassic Insects (Neuroptera) with Primitive Wing Venation and Its Phylogenetic Position in Neuropterida. PLoS ONE 9: e44762.

ZhangH.C. & RasnitsynA.P. (2007) Nevaniinae subfam. n., a new fossil taxon (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Evanioidea: Praeaulacidae) from the Middle Jurassic of Daohugou in Inner Mongolia, China. Insect Systematics & Evolution 38: 149166.

ZhangH.C. & RasnitsynA.P. (2008) Middle Jurassic Praeaulacidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Evanioidea) of Inner Mongolia and Kazakhstan. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 6: 463487.

Figures

  • Symphytopterus graciler sp. nov. Holotype CNU-HYM-NN-2012036. (A) Photograph, (B) line drawing of body with wings, (C) line drawing of wings. Scale bars = 1 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/1876312x.

    View in gallery
  • Praeaulacus byssinus sp. nov. Holotype CNU-HYM-NN-2012038. (A) Photograph, (B) Line drawing of body with wings. Scale bars = 1 mm. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via

    View in gallery
  • Line drawings of forewings in Symphytopterus. (A–L) Species from the Late Jurassic of Kazakhstan; (M) species from the Early Jurassic of Germany; (N) species from the Late Middle Jurassic of China.

    View in gallery

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 34 34 25
Full Text Views 8 8 8
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0