New insects from the earliest Permian of Carrizo Arroyo (New Mexico, USA) bridging the gap between the Carboniferous and Permian entomofaunas

in Insect Systematics & Evolution
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New insects are described from the early Asselian of the Bursum Formation in Carrizo Arroyo, NM, USA. Carrizoneura carpenteri gen. et sp. nov. (Syntonopteridae) demonstrates traits in hindwing venation to Lithoneura and Syntonoptera, both known from the Moscovian of Illinois. Carrizoneura represents the latest unambiguous record of Syntonopteridae. Martynovia insignis represents the earliest evidence of Martynoviidae. Carrizodiaphanoptera permiana gen. et sp. nov. extends range of Diaphanopteridae previously restricted to Gzhelian. The re-examination of the type species Diaphanoptera munieri reveals basally coalesced vein MA with stem of R and RP resulting in family diagnosis emendation. Arroyohymen splendens gen. et sp. nov. (Protohymenidae) displays features in venation similar to taxa known from early and late Permian from the USA and Russia. A new palaeodictyopteran wing attributable to Carrizopteryx cf. arroyo (Calvertiellidae) provides data on fore wing venation previously unknown. Thus, all these new discoveries show close relationship between late Pennsylvanian and early Permian entomofaunas.

New insects from the earliest Permian of Carrizo Arroyo (New Mexico, USA) bridging the gap between the Carboniferous and Permian entomofaunas

in Insect Systematics & Evolution

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References

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Figures

  • View in gallery

    Carrizoneura carpenteri gen. nov. et sp. nov., holotype No. 1/2014, Kukalová–Peck coll., Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Line drawing of hindwing venation. Scale bar represents 5 mm.

  • View in gallery

    (2, 3) Carrizoneura carpenteri gen. nov. et sp. nov., holotype No. 1/2014, Kukalová–Peck coll., Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. (2) Photograph of hindwing venation; (3) detail of anal area. (4, 5) Carrizodiaphanoptera permiana gen. nov. et sp. nov., holotype No. 2/2014, Kukalová–Peck coll., Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. (4) Detail of basal veinal splits; (5) photograph of wing venation. Scale bars: 2, 5 = 5 mm, 3, 4 = 2 mm.

  • View in gallery

    (7, 8) Diaphanoptera munieri Brongniart, 1893, holotype No. R51214, Department of Palaeontology coll., Museum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France. (7) Photograph of wing venation pattern (immersed under film layer of ethylalcohol); (8) detail of basal part (immersed under film layer of ethylalcohol). (9, 10) Paimbia ultima Sinitshenkova, 1981, holotype No. 3115–192, Palaeontological Institute of RAS coll., Moscow, Russia; (9) Wing venation pattern with position of nygmata; (10) detail of nygma. Scale bars: 7, 9 = 5 mm, 8 = 2 mm.

  • View in gallery

    Carrizodiaphanoptera permiana gen. nov. et sp. nov., holotype No. 2/2014, Kukalová–Peck coll., Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Line drawing of wing venation. Scale bar represents 5 mm.

  • View in gallery

    (11) Martynovia insignis Tillyard, 1932, specimen No. 3/2014, Kukalová–Peck coll., Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, ON, Canada, photograph of wing venation. (12, 13) Arroyohymen splendens gen. nov. et sp. nov., holotype No. 2927/20639, San Diego Natural History Museum coll., San Diego, CA, USA. (12) Photograph of wing venation; (13) detail photograph of wing apex with pterostigma. (14) Carrizopteryx cf. arroyo Kukalová-Peck & Peck, 1976, specimen No. 4/2014, Kukalová–Peck coll., Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Photograph of fore wing venation. Scale bars: 11, 15 = 3 mm, 12= 2 mm, 13 = 1 mm. For abbreviations, see Material and methods.

  • View in gallery

    Arroyohymen splendens gen. nov. et sp. nov., holotype No. 2927/20639, San Diego Natural History Museum coll., San Diego, CA, USA. Line drawing of wing venation. Scale bar = 2 mm.

  • View in gallery

    Carrizopteryx cf. arroyo Kukalová-Peck & Peck, 1976, specimen No. 4/2014, Kukalová–Peck coll., Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Line drawing of fore wing venation. Scale bar = 3 mm.

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