Taxonomic review of the mirine plant bug genus Stenotus Jakovlev in Japan and adjacent regions in Asia (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Mirinae)

in Insect Systematics & Evolution
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The mirine plant bug fauna of the genus Stenotus Jakovlev in Japan, Korea, East China, and Russian Far East is reviewed. Seven species are recognized in the study area; of these, two new species are herein described, namely S. hasegawai sp.n., restricted to cool-temperate climate zones in Japan and Sakhalin, Russia and S. takaii sp.n. assumed to be endemic to Amami-Oshima Island of the Japanese Ryukyus. The Taiwanese species, S. insularis Poppius, is reported from the Ryukyus for the first time and redescribed; the other taxon, S. viridis (Shiraki), is regarded as a nomen dubium, lacking any type series. An additional new species from Nepal, S. ramduwalae sp.n., is described. A checklist of East Asia and Oriental species and a key to all known East Asian species are provided. Stenotus longiceps Poppius is transferred to Zalmunna Distant. The zoogeography of these East Asian Stenotus species is discussed.

Taxonomic review of the mirine plant bug genus Stenotus Jakovlev in Japan and adjacent regions in Asia (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae: Mirinae)

in Insect Systematics & Evolution

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References

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Figures

  • View in gallery

    Two common species of Stenotus in Japan, S. binotatus (F.) (A–D) and S. rubrovittatus (Matsumura) (E–I). (A) Adults on Poa sp. (Sapporo, Hokkaido); (B) male on Phleum sp. (Sapporo); (C) same, female; (D) final-instar nymph (Ishikari, Hokkaido); (E–F) female adults on Paspalum sp. (Kochi, Shikoku); (G–H) adults on Agropyron sp. (Nagasaki, Kyushu); (I) final instar nymph, same; (J) heavily spotted rice grains caused by S. rubrovittatus.

  • View in gallery

    Habitus images of dried specimens of Stenotus species. (A) S. binotatus (F.), female (Honshu, Japan) (B) ditto, male (Hokkaido); (C) S. rubrovittatus (Matsumura), male (Shikoku); (D) ditto (Honshu); (E) ditto, female (Shikoku); (F) ditto (Honshu); (G) S. insularis Poppius, male (Iriomote Is.); (H) ditto (Yonaguni Is.); (I) ditto, female (Iriomote Is.); (J) ditto (Iriomote Is.); (K) S. takaii sp. nov., male (Amami-Oshima Is.); (L) same, female; (M) S. hasegawai sp. nov., male (Honshu); (N) ditto, female; (L) ditto (Hokkaido).

  • View in gallery

    Habitus images of dried specimens of Stenotus species and Zalmunna dux Distant (A), including types. (B–C) S. longiceps Poppius, holotype female (HNHM); (D) S. pygmaeus, holotype female (HNHM); (E–F) S. hasegawai sp. nov., paratype male (E) and female (F) (ZMAS); (G–I) S. insularis Poppius, holotype female (DEIC); (J–O) S. insularis Poppius, from Ryukyu Islands (J, M, O from Yonaguni Is., K, L, N, Iriomote Is.). Images (A–G) courtesy of National Museum of Natural Science, Taiwan.

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    Habitus images of Stenotus species from the Ryukyus (A–D), Azumamiris vernalis Yasunaga from Honshu (E), Taylorilygus apicalis (Fieber) from Kyushu (F) and Creontiades pallidifer (Walker) from Siem Reap, Cambodia (G–H). (A) S. takaii sp. nov., male (Amami-Oshima Is.); (B) ditto, final-instar nymph; (C) S. insularis Poppius, male (Iriomote Is.); (D) ditto, female; (E) adult female; (F) adult female (brownish variant); (G) male; (H) female. Images (A–D) courtesy of Mr. M. Takai.

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    Schematic color pattern of head (A, C–F) and dorsal color variation (B), and male genitalia (parameres) of Stenotus species. (A–B, G–H) S. binotatus (F.); (C, I–J) S. hasegawai sp. nov.; (D) S. insularis sp. nov.; (E, K–L) S. rubrovittatus (Matsumura); (F, M–N) S. takaii sp. nov.. Scale bars for parameres 0.2 mm.

  • View in gallery

    Male genitalia (endosoma) of Stenotus species. (A) S. binotatus (F.); (B) S. hasegawai sp. nov.; (C) S. insularis Poppius; (D) S. takaii sp. nov.; (E) S. rubrovittatus (Matsumura). Scale bars 0.2 mm.

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    Photographic images for male genitalia of species. (A-D) Stenotus hasegawai sp. nov.; (E-G) S. insularis Poppius; (H, I) S. rubrovittatus (Matsumura); (A, B, H) Pygophore in ventral view (A, H) and left lateral view (E); (B) right paramere; (C) left paramere; (D, F, G, I) endosoma. Scale bars 0.2 mm.

  • View in gallery

    Photographic images for female genitalia of Stenotus binotatus (F.) (A–B), S. insularis Poppius (C–E) and S. rubrovittatus (Matsumura) (F–H). (A, C, F) Bursa copulatrix in dorsal view; (B, D, G) posterior wall in anterior view; (E, H) apex of ovipositor (valvula II).

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    Photographic images for female genitalia of Stenotus takaii sp. nov. (A–C) and S. hasegawai sp. nov. (D–I) from Honshu (D, F, H) and Kunashiri Island (E, G, I). (A, F, G) Bursa copulatrix in dorsal view; (B, D, E) posterior wall in anterior view; (C, H, I) apex of ovipositor (valvula II).

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    Habitat (A) and habitus images (B–F) of Stenotus ramduwalae sp. n. and Lasiomiris albopilosus (Lethierry) (Stenodemini) (G) in Pokhara, Nepal. (A) Habitat grassland (type locality) of S. ramduwalae sp. n.; (B–C) S. ramduwalae sp. n., male adult; (D) ditto, female adult; (E–F) 4th instar nymph.

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    Habitus images of type specimens of Oriental Stenotus species. (A) S. rubricatus (Distant), lectotype female (BMNH); (B–C) S. sandaracatus (Distant), lectotype female (BMNH); (C) S. ramduwalae sp. n., holotype male (AMNH_PBI 00380532); (D) ditto, paratype male (TYCN); (E) ditto, paratype female (F) (TYCN). Scale bars 2.0 mm. Images (A–B) courtesy of M. Yeshwanth and BMNH.

  • View in gallery

    Photographic images for male (A–D) and female (E–G) genitalia of Stenotus ramduwalae sp. n. (A) Pygophore with right paramere; (B) right paramere; (C) left paramere; (D) endosoma; (E) posterior wall; (F) sclerotized ring; (G) apex of ovipositor (valvula II). Scale bars 0.2 mm.

  • View in gallery

    Mirines related to Stenotus; Creontiades pallidifer (Walker) from India (A–C) and Azumamiris vernalis Yasunaga from Honshu (G–I), with posterior wall of S. binotatus (F.). (A) Head and pronotum; (B, I) endosoma; (C, G) right paramere; (D, H) left paramere; (E) sclerotized ring; (F–K) posterior wall of bursa copulatrix. Scale bars 0.2 mm.

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    Map showing the distribution of seven east Asian species of Stenotus.

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