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Podabrocephalus Pic is the morphologically modified lineage of Ptilodactylinae (Coleoptera: Elateriformia: Ptilodactylidae)

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution
Authors:
Robin Kundrata Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 50, 771 46, Olomouc, Czech Republic

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Michael A. Ivie Montana Entomology Collection, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA

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Ladislav Bocak Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Palacky University, 17. listopadu 50, 771 46, Olomouc, Czech Republic

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A molecular phylogeny of Ptilodactylidae shows that Podabrocephalus , the type genus of Podabrocephalidae is closely related to Ptilodactyla and other genera of Ptilodactylinae. Consequently, Podabrocephalidae syn. n. is proposed as a junior synonym of Ptilodactylidae . Earlier authors used the highly modified morphology of the male to justify a high rank for Podabrocephalus. The molecular phylogeny of Ptilodactylidae further indicates that Paralichas White, 1859 (Cladotominae) does not form a monophylum with remaining ptilodactylids. Ptilodactylinae and an undescribed lineage from Indonesia are sister to the broadly delimited Anchytarsinae. Within Ptilodactylinae, Pherocladus Fairmaire, 1881 is sister to a clade formed by Ptilodactyla spp. and Podabrocephalus. We remove Falsotherius from Ptilodactylinae to Ptilodactylidae incertae sedis, and return Daemon from Ptilodactylinae to Anchytarsinae. Cross validation of morphology- and DNA-based phylogenies is needed for interpreting phylogenetic inference in morphologically modified lineages.

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