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Systematics of the Neotropical butterfly genus Paryphthimoides Forster, 1964 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae), with descriptions of seven new taxa

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution
Authors:
Thamara ZaccaLaboratório de Ecologia e Sistemática de Borboletas, Departamento de Biologia Animal and Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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Mirna M. CasagrandeLaboratório de Estudos de Lepidoptera Neotropical, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

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Olaf H. H. MielkeLaboratório de Estudos de Lepidoptera Neotropical, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

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Blanca HuertasLife Sciences Department, Natural History Museum, London, UK

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Eduardo P. BarbosaLaboratório de Ecologia e Sistemática de Borboletas, Departamento de Biologia Animal and Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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André V. L. FreitasLaboratório de Ecologia e Sistemática de Borboletas, Departamento de Biologia Animal and Museu de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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Gerardo LamasMuseo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru

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Marianne EspelandZoological Research Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany

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Christian BrévignonVilla A7, Rochambeau 97351 Matoury, France

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Shinichi NakaharaMcGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

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Maria F. ChecaMuseo QCAZ de Invertebrados, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador

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Keith R. WillmottMcGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

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Abstract

A systematic revision of Paryphthimoides, a satyrine genus widely distributed in Central and South America, is presented based on an integrative approach. Molecular phylogeny inferred using multiple methods with nuclear (GAPDH, RpS5) and mitochondrial (COI) genes indicates that Paryphthimoides, as currently circumscribed, is polyphyletic. A new taxonomic arrangement is proposed reflecting the monophyly based on molecular and morphological evidence. Paryphthimoides now comprises 14 taxa, namely: P. poltys poltys (), P. poltys numilia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1867) stat. nov., P. vestigiata (Butler, 1867), P. fridae Zacca, Casagrande, Huertas & Nakahara sp. nov., P. jorupe Zacca, Casagrande, Checa & Willmott sp. nov., P. terrestris terrestris (Butler, 1867) comb. nov., P. terrestris muyrakytan Zacca, Casagrande & Mielke ssp. nov., P. terrestris araguaianus Zacca, Casagrande & Mielke ssp. nov., P. terrestris grevei Zacca, Casagrande & Mielke ssp. nov., P. touloulou () comb. nov., P. brixius brixius () comb. nov., P. brixius madre Zacca, Mielke, Casagrande & Lamas ssp. nov., P. brixius rouranensis Brévignon ssp. nov. and P. flavofascia (Zacca & Siewert, 2014) comb. nov. Euptychia zeredatha and P. bahneri are new synonyms of P. p. poltys, and Euptychia binalinea Butler, 1867 and E. poltys bahiana are new synonyms of P. poltys numilia. Lectotypes are designated for Euptychia zeredatha, Neonympha numilia, Euptychia vestigiata, Euptychia terrestris and Euptychia brixiola, Butler, 1867 and a neotype is designated for Satyrus brixius. In addition, female morphology is described for the first time for all available species, and biological data and distributional maps are provided for all species. Last instar and pupae of Paryphthimoides p. poltys are also described.

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