Hybomitra auripila (Meig.) and H. aterrima (Meig.) have been recorded from Scandinavia, and Tabanus aethiops Ljungh, T. lugubris Zett. and T. nigerrimus Zett. have been treated as synonyms of H. aterrima (Meig.). The present study shows that only H. auripila (Meig.) has been found in Scandinavia and that T. aethiops Ljung, T. lugubris Zett. and T. nigerrimus Zett. are synonyms of H. auripila (Meig.). Lectotypes have been designated for these three names.