Neotherevella n.gen. is proposed as a replacement for Neothereva Kröber sensu Lyneborg (1976). Neothereva Kröber, 1912, is placed in new synonymy with Thereva Latreille, 1796, as the consequence of an overlooked designation of a type-species for Neothereva Kröber, 1912, by Kröber (1935). Neotherevella is fully described. Five specific names are placed in new combination with Neotherevella, which is known from Namibia, Mauritania, Algeria, Sudan, Egypt, Israel, Uzbechistan and Mongolia. It is demonstrated that two species described in combination with Neothereva by Zaitzev (1970) do not belong to Neotherevella.