The male accessory glands of 39 Indian species of nine bruchid genera have been studied. The glands are of both ectadenial and mesadenial origin and vary from 2 to 5 pairs in different genera. There are 2 pairs in Spermophagus, 3 in Bruchus and Caryedon, 4 in Conichobruchus, Bruchidius, Sulcobruchus, and Zabrotes and 5 pairs in Specularius. In Callosobruchus they vary from 4 to 5 pairs. The number, shape and structure of these glands provide useful taxonomic characters at generic and specific level. A key to the species based on the accessory glands is provided.