New species, taxonomy, phylogeny, and distribution of the tropical tribe Bothriomirini (Insecta: Heteroptera: Miridae: Cylapinae)

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Bothriomirini is a small tropical mirid tribe that has not been comprehensively revised nor has monophyly of the tribe and included genera been tested. This paper presents a systematic review of Bothrioimrini. Bothriomirella ater gen. nov. sp. nov., Bothriomiris lorenzatoae sp. nov., Dashymenia javanensis sp. nov. , Dashymenia jaydeni sp. nov. are described as new to science. A phylogenetic analysis of Bothriomirini based on morphological data is performed. The diagnoses of the tribe and most of its genera are discussed. Bakeriola crassicornis Poppius, Bothriomiris lugubris Poppius, Bothriomiris ornatus Bergroth, Dashymeniella tibialis Poppius and Leprocapsus scutellaris Poppius are redescribed. Female genitalia of Bothrimirini are discussed for the first time. This study supports the monophyly of the tribe and most genera and documents remarkable heterogeneity of the female genitalia. New locality data and a discussion of the distribution of Bothriomirini in relation to major biomes and climatic zones are provided.

Insect Systematics & Evolution

An International Journal of Systematic Entomology

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Figures

  • Strict consensus tree, unweighted analysis. Numbers of nodes are in circles. Bremer support values are shown under each node.

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  • Single most parsimonious tree, implied weight analysis, k = 5. Numbers of nodes are in circles. Apomorphies are shown as small circles. Black circle corresponds to the unique apomorphy for the clade, even if it is lost in some of its members; white circle corresponds to contradicted apomorphy, which appears more than once. Jacknife /Symmetric resampling supports are shown under nodes only if they exceed 50. The characters were mapped using unambiguous optimization.

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  • Habitus photographs of species described or redescribed in this paper.

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  • Scanning electron micrographs.of Bakeriola crassicornis (♀). Head and pronotum, dorsal view (A); head and pronotum, lateral view (B); antenna (C); cuneus and membrane cell (D); pleura (E); scutellum and clavus (F); anterior part of hemelytron and scutellum, lateral view (G); hind tarsus (H).

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  • Scanning electron micrographs of Bothriomirella ater. Head, anterior view (♀) (A); head and pronotum, dorsal view (♂) (B); head and pronotum, lateral view (♂) (C); pleura (D); labium (E); microsculpture below eye (F); antenna (♂) (G); middle femur and trichobothria (H); hind femur and trichobothria (I); scutellum and clavus (J); cuneus and membrane cell (K); femora (L); hind tarsus (M); pretarsus, ventral view (N).

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  • Scanning electron micrographs of Bothriomirus lorenzatoae. Head, anterior view (♀) (A); head and pronotum dorsal view (♀) (B); head and pronotum, lateral view (♀) (C); pleura (D); cuneus and membrane cell (E); femora (F); labium (G); antennal segments I–III (♀) (H); cuneus and membrane cell (I); middle femur and trichobothria (J); hind tarsus (K); claws (L); hind femur and trichobothria (M).

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  • Scanning electron micrographs of Bothriomirus lugubris. Head, anterior view (♀) (A); head and pronotum dorsal view (♀) (B); head and pronotum, lateral view (♀) (C); labium (D); antennal segments I–II (♀) (E); anterior part of hemelytron and scutellum, lateral view (F); cuneus and membrane cell (G); scutellum and clavus (H); pleura (J).

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  • Scanning electron micrographs of Dashymenia javanensis. Head, anterior view (♂) (A); head and pronotum dorsal view (♂) (B); head and pronotum, lateral view (♂) (C); antennae (♀) (D); scutellum and clavus (E); pleura (F); anterior part of hemelytron and scutellum, lateral view (G); hind tarsus (H); cuneus and membrane cell (I).

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  • Scanning electron micrographs of Dashymenia jaydeni. Head, anterior view (♂) (A); head and pronotum dorsal view (♂) (B); head and pronotum, lateral view (♂) (C); scutellum and clavus (D); anterior part of hemelytron and scutellum, lateral view (E); cuneus and membrane cell (F); pretarsus, ventral view (G); antenna (♂) (H); pleura (I); labium (J); hind tarsus (K).

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  • Scanning electron micrographsof Dashymeniella tibialis (♀). Head, anterior view (A); head and pronotum dorsal view (B); scutellum and clavus (C); head and pronotum, lateral view (D); antennal segments I–II (E); anterior part of hemelytron and scutellum, lateral view (F); pleura (G); cuneus and membrane cell (H).

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  • Figure 8. Scanning electron micrographs of Leprocapsus scutellaris (♀). Head, anterior view (A); head and pronotum, lateral view (B); head and pronotum dorsal view (C); antennal segments I–II (D); labium (E); scutellum and clavus (F); pleura (G); anterior part of hemelytron and scutellum, lateral view (H); cuneus and membrane cell (I).

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  • Female genitalia. Bakeriola crassicornis. Dorsal labiate plate (A); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (C). B. ater. Dorsal labiate plate (B); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (D); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E).

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  • Male genitalia of Bothriomirella ater. Aedeagus. Dorsal view (A); left lateral view (B); ventral view (C); genital capsule (D); right paramere, dorsal view (E); left paramere, left lateral view (F); left paramere dorsal view (F). Small scale is for genital capsule, large scale is for aedeagi and parameres.

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  • Female genitalia. Bothriomiris dissimulans. Dorsal labiate plate (A); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (C); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E). B. gotohi. Dorsal labiate plate (B); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (D); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E).

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  • Female genitalia. Bothriomiris lorenzatoae. Dorsal labiate plate (A); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (C); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E). B. lugubris. Dorsal labiate plate (B); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (D); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E).

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  • Male genitalia. Bothriomiris ornatus. Aedeagus, dorsal view (A); aedeagus left lateral view (B); left paramere, left lateral view (C); right paramere, dorsal view (D); left paramere dorsal view (E); genital capsule (F). Bothriomiris lugubris. Aedeagus, dorsal view (G); aedeagus left lateral view (H); left paramere, left lateral view (I); right paramere, dorsal view (J); left paramere dorsal view (K); genital capsule (L). Small scale is for genital capsules, large scale is for aedeagi and parameres.

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  • Male genitalia. Dashymenia javanensis. Aedeagus left lateral view (A); aedeagus, dorsal view (B); right paramere, dorsal view (C); left paramere, left lateral view (D); left paramere, dorsal view (E); genital capsule (F). Small scale is for genital capsule, middle scale is for parameres, large scale is for aedeagi.

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  • Female genitalia. Dashymenia capillosa. Dorsal labiate plate (A); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (C); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E). D. javanensis. Dorsal labiate plate (B); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (D); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E).

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  • Male genitalia. Dashymenia jaydeni. Aedeagus, dorsal view (A); aedeagus, left lateral view (B); aedeagus ventral view (C); genital capsule (D); right paramere, dorsal view (E); left paramere, left lateral view (F); left paramere, dorsal view (G). Small scale is for genital capsule, large scale is for aedeagi and parameres.

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  • Female genitalia. Dashymeniella tibialis. Dorsal labiate plate (A); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (C); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E). Leprocapsus scutellaris. Dorsal labiate plate (B); ventral wall of bursa copulatrix (D); posterior wall of bursa copulatrix (E).

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  • Male genitalia. Leprocapsus scutellaris. Aedeagus, dorsal view (A); aedeagus, left lateral view (B); aedeagus ventral view (C); left paramere, left lateral view (D); right paramere, dorsal view (E); right paramere, dorsal view (F); genital capsule (G); abdominal segment VIII (H). Small scale is for abdomen and genital capsule, large scale is for aedeagi and parameres.

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  • Distribution of new species: Bothriomirella ater, Bothriomiris lorenzatoae, Dashymenia jaydeni, and Dashymenia javanensis.

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  • Distribution of the tribe Bothriomirini on Terrestrial Ecoregions map (A); Koppen-Geiger climate classification map; group A includes tropical humid climates, group B includes dry climates, group C includes mild mildaltitude climates, group D includes severe mildaltitude climates; group E includes polar climates. Refer for the Rubel and Kottek (2010) for the full list of the abbreviations (B).

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