THE ILC DRAFT ON THE SUCCESSION OF STATES IN RESPECT OF TREATIES: A CRITICAL APPRAISAL

in The Italian Yearbook of International Law Online
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THE ILC DRAFT ON THE SUCCESSION OF STATES IN RESPECT OF TREATIES: A CRITICAL APPRAISAL

in The Italian Yearbook of International Law Online

References

1 For useful indications as to the material used by the Commission and for further references to the Commission's proceedings on the subject, see UN. Doc. A/961o, Report of the International Law Commission on the Work of its twenty-sixth session, pp. 9ff.

2 For general remarks see the commentary to the draft articles, doc. A/96ro, cit., pp. 22 ff. 3 Doc. A/961o cit., p. 22. 4 For the relationship between termination of treaties and succession, see CAPOTORTI, "L'extinction et la suspension des traites ", Hague Recueil (1971-III), pp. 535 f. 5 Naturally where dismemberment is held as not including the partitioning of the territory between different States.

6 On intertemporal problems in international law, KRAUSE-ABLASS, Intertemporales Volkerrecht, Hamburg, 1970, passim; with specific regard to notification of succession to multilateral treaties, the present author's " La notificazione di successione ai trattati multi- laterali ", Rivista (1974), pp. 682 ff. 7 Y.LL.C. (1968-II), p. 87.

8 On " New States " and on the consequences of their entry into the international community, FAWCETT, " The New States and the United Nations ", in The New Nations in international Law and Diplomacy, London, 1965, pp. 22 ff. at pp. 230 f. 9 On colonial peoples' access to independence as a specific form of succession between States, MARCOFF, Accession a l'indipendance et succession d'Etats aux traites internationaux, Fribourg, 1969, pp. 48 ff., and Bedjaoui, " Succession d'Etats dans les Etats nouveaux ", Hague Recueil (1970-II), pp. 463 ff. 10 Bedjaoui, op. cit., pp. 490 ff. 11 Bedjaoui, op. cit., p. q.9r. 12 BEDJAOUI, op. cit., p. 563. '3 For the legal character of such Declaration and its impact on the law of succession of States, MARCOFF, op. cit., pp. 63 ff. 14 G.A. Res. 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970.

15 For a detailed analysis on the effect and content of these variables, BEDJAOUI, op. cit., pp. 497 ff. ls Art. i5. For commentary on it, A/96io cit., p. 136.

m A/961o cit., p. 137. 18 Fifth Report on Succession of States in respect of Treaties (WALDOCK), Y.I.L.C. (1972-II), p. 57. !9 In this sense Bartos' statement at the 1176th meeting Y.I.L.C. (1972-II), p. 195. 20 A/961o cit., p. 137.

21 CONFORTi, Le Nazioni Unite, I, 2nd ed., Padova, 1975, p. 43. 22 Commentaries to arts. 33 and 34, A,/��IO cit., pp. 262 ff.

z3 For the ILC works on the successor State's right to take part in multilateral treaties, YILC (1972-1), p. 7 and YILC (1974-1), p. 93. 24 On the distinction between general multilateral treaties and plurilateral treaties, IyEHAUSSY, " Le probleme de la classification des traites et le projet de convention etabli par la Commission du droit international des Nations Unies ", in Recueil d'Etudes en hona- mage a Paul Guggenheim, p. 309 ff. 25 Art. 12 bis proposed by Ushakov, in A/961o cit., p. 33 note 54.

zs A/9�IO cit., p. 149. 27 A/96ro cit., p. 150. zs Ibidem. zs Commentaires to arts. 16, 17 and 18 in A/�6io cit., pp, 147 ff., 155 ff, and 160 II. ao A/��IO cit., p. iq.8. 11 A/96io cit., p. 152.

3z For a fuller account of this view see the present author's study quoted at note 6 above. 33 A/96ro cit., p. 160. 34 A/96io cit., p. 161. a5 For a survey of pertinent practice, see the ILC commentary to art. 17, A/9Gro cit.,

pp. 155 ff. The meaning of the two expression " contracting party " and " party " is that assigned to them by art. 2, f and g of the Vienna Convention on the law of treaties. 3� For ILC proceedings on succession in respect of dispositive and boundary treaties, YILC (1972-1), pp. 247 f., 250 f., and 275, and YILC (1974-1), pp. 203 ff., p. 212 ff.

31 A/96yo cit., p. 122. 3a For a detailed survey of studies on dispositive treaties, TREVES, Law continuita dei trattati ", CS (1970), p. 435 ff. 3s Cf. the Cuban delegate's statement at the VI Commission in A/CN.4/278/add.6, First Report on Succession in Respect of 1'reaties (VALLAT), p. 4. 4° Cf. Bedjaoui's statement YILC (1974-1), p. 214. 41 See Afghanistan and Somalia's observations within the General Assembly's VI Com- mission, in A/CN-4/278, Add. 6, pp. i and 14.

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