THE NEW INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION ORDER AND THE LAW OF NATIONS: PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS

in The Italian Yearbook of International Law Online
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THE NEW INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION ORDER AND THE LAW OF NATIONS: PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS

in The Italian Yearbook of International Law Online

References

1 In this regard see, for instance, Topuz, OZKBK, "Vers un nouvel ordre international de 1'information", 16 Turkish Yearbook of International Relations (1976), p. 33 ff.; COLARD, Vers un "Nouvel ordre international de 1'information"?, La Documentation Française, Pro- blemes politiques et sociaux, (1977), p. 32.I; LOPEZ ESCOBAR, Analisis del "Nuevo Orden" Internacional de la Informacion, Pamplona, 1978; BALLE, "La position du Tiers-Monde", in La circulation des Informations et le droit international, Paris, 1978, p. 55 ff.; GONIDEC, "Vers un nouvel ordre international de la communication", Annuaire du Tiers Monde (1979), p. 277ff., and, in general all the writings collected in the volume dealing almost completely with such problems; NORDENSTRRNG, Defining the New International Information Order, report submitted to the Congress on "World Communications: decisions for the Eighties", held in Philadelphia from 12 to 14 May 1980, at the Annenberg School of Communications; Pirr'ro, "La liberte d'information et d'opinion et le Droit International", 106 Clunet (1981), p. 459 ff. A very active piece of research has been carried out by the special Commission established by the General Director of UNESCO and presided over by Sean Mc Bride, resulting in the publication of a series of study papers including: MASMOUDI, Le Nouvel Ordre mondial de l'information, No. 31 of the series; OSOLNIK, Objectifs et strategies d'un nouvel ordre international de la communication, No. 32. Henceforth now, the papers of the Commission will be quoted by their serial number preceded by L1NESC0-CIC. Other indications can be found in the work of SAPIENZA, in this volume of the Yearbook.

LEIVE, International Telecommunications and (International Law: the regulation of the radio spectrum, Leyden-New York, 1970; CHAFFAI, La répartition international des frg- quences destin�es aux radiodiffusions nationales, UNESCO-CIC 87. CONDORELLI, "Principi di Diritto Internazionale in tema di radiodiffusione diretta via satellite", 12 It diritto delle radicdif�usioni e delle telecomunicazioni (ig8o), p. i ff. and bibliography quoted there.

MASMOUDI, Le nouvel ordre mondial, cit., p. 21; CHAFFAI, La répartition, cit., passim. 5 "L'economia politica dei mass-media: tra produzione di merci e produzione di senso", 2 IKON, I nostri temi (1979), p. 3 ff.; "L'industrie de la communication aux Etats-Unis, dossier in Le Monde Diplomatique, October ig8i, p. 7 ff. 6 Topuz, ÖZK, "Vers un nouvel ordre international", cit., pp. 38-39; LEFORT, Images reflétées par les m�dias: Distortions, UNESCO-CIC 57; ROGERS, Images reflétées par les m�dias: Manipulations, 58; JONES, Images reflétées par les m�dias: Stereotypes. A) Les relations raciales, 59.

CONDORELLI, "Principi di diritto internazionale", cit., p. 9 ff. GOROVF, "The World Administrative Radio Conference 1979: some legal and political implications", 29 Zeitschrift fur Luftrecht und Weltraumrechtsfragen (1980), p. 214 ff.: COURTEIX, "La Conference Admi- nistrative Mondiale des Radiocommunications de 1979 et lie Nouvel Ordre International de 1'Ether", 26 AFDI (1980), p. 625 ff., espec. 643 ff. The latter work provides a comprehensive picture of the initial gradual erosions of the principle "first come, first served", which are especially due to 1979 WARC, which add to those which occurred in 1977, with respect to direct broadcasting by satellite, reported in my work cited in this same note. 8 For the text of the Treaty on the legal condition of the Moon and of other heavenly bodies, see 18 ILM (1979), p. 1434 ff. On the same subject also GOEDHUIS, "Conflicts in the interpretation of the leading principles of the Moon Treaty of 5 December 1979", 28 NILR (1981), p. I4ff. CONDORELLI, "Principi di Diritto Internazionale", cit., p. io ff. 10 See 18 ILM (1979), p. 276 ff.

�1 Many Voices, Ore World, London, New York, Paris, 1980.

12 VASAK, "La difesa dei diritti dell'uomo'', Corriere UNESCO, Nov. 1977, pp. 29 ff.; DE VEY MESTDAGH, "The right to development", 28 NILR (1981), p. 3o ff., spec. 33-34.

13 See the papers submitted to the Meeting oragnized on this subject by the Academy of International Law of the Hague and collected in the volume The right to development at the international level, Alphen aan den Rijn, 1980; GROs ESPIELL, "The right to development as a human right", 16 Texas Internatioraal Law Journal (1981), p. 189 ff., as well as DE VEY MESTDAGH, The right, cit., p. 48 ff.

14 ABI SAAB, "The legal formulation of a right to development (Subjects and content)", in The right to development at the International level, cit., p. 169 ff. 15 ABI SAAB, ibidem, p. 170.

16 ABI SAAB, ibidem, p. 171 ff. This theory has already been supported with reference to the self-determination of the peoples; see, for this, PARTSCH, "`Les principles de base dies droits de 1'homme: l'autodétermination, 1'6galit6 et la non-discrimination" in VASAK (ed.), Les di- mension internationales des droits de I'homme, Paris, 1978, p. 65 ff. See also Mc CftESNEY, "Promoting the general welfare in a Democratic Society: balancing human rights and de- velopment", 27 NILR (1980), p. 283 fE.

17 PATRIAT, "Information, Identite, Developpement'', Annuaire du Tiers Monde (1979), p. i8 ff. See also the text of the Declaration of principles of international cultural cooperation of UNESCO (1966), reported in COLARD, Vers un "Nouvel ordre", cit., p. 25 ff.

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