Teacher Education: The Next Needed Step in Critical Media Literacy Education

In: The International Journal of Critical Media Literacy

This article, part of a larger project, argues that critical media literacy is needed in teacher education. For critical media literacy to be sustainable, it needs a more structured starting point. The argument of this piece is that the starting point should be in teacher education. Tracing the state of media literacy and discussing the ‘critical’ of critical media literacy, this essay highlights that teacher training in critical media literacy will help propel the work of critical media literacy in the United States, will strengthen education and make it more relevant for teachers and students, and will make the work of inclusion of media literacy part of, not an addition to, teachers’ curriculum development and lesson planning.

  • An act concerning media literacy (2013). Massachusetts bill #S213/H472. Avail: malegislature.gov.

  • An act concerning the teaching of media literacy (2014). New Jersey bill #S1761. Avail: njleg.state.nj.us.

  • An act to involve youth in civic engagement (2014). Massachusetts bill #S2027. Avail: malegislature.gov.

  • Anderson M. and Jiang J. (May 31 2018). Teens, social media and technology 2018. Pew Research Center. Retrieved June 1 2018. Avail pewinternet.org.

    • Export Citation
  • Apple M.W. (2008). Is deliberative democracy enough in teacher education? In Cochran-Smith M. Feiman-Nemser S. McIntyre D.J. Demers K. (Eds.) Handbook of research on teacher education: Enduring questions in changing contexts (3rd ed.) pp.105110. New York, NY: Routledge and Taylor & Francis Group.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Aufderheide P. (1993). Media literacy – A report of the National Leadership Conference on media literacy. Queenstown, MD: The Aspen Institute.

    • Export Citation
  • Baker F. (2012). Media literacy in the K-12 classroom. Eugene, OR: International Society for Technology in Education.

  • Bazalgette C. (1992). Key aspects of media education. In Alvarado M. and Boyd-Barrett O. (Eds.) Media education: An introduction pp.199219. London, England: The Open University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bowles N. (October 26 2018a). A dark consensus about screens and kids begins to emerge in Silicon Valley. The New York Times Retrieved October 26 2018. Avail: nytimes.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Bowles N. (October 26 2018b). The digital gap between rich kids and poor kids is not what we expected. The New York Times Retrieved October 26 2018. Avail: nytimes.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buckingham D. (1990). Media education: From pedagogy to practice. In Buckingham D. (Ed.) Watching media learning: Making sense of media education pp.315. London, England: The Falmer Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buckingham D. (1998) Media education in the UK: Moving beyond protectionism. Journal of Communication 48(1) pp. 3343. doi: https://doi.org.10.1111/j.1460-2466.1998.tb02735.x.https://doi.org.10.1111/j.1460-2466.1998.tb02735.x

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Buckingham D. (2000). The making of citizens: Young people, news and politics. London, England: Routledge.

    • Export Citation
  • Buckingham D. (2003). Media education: Literacy, learning and contemporary culture. London, England: Polity Press.

    • Export Citation
  • Buckingham D. (2007). Beyond technology: Children’s learning in the age of digital culture. London, England: Polity Press.

    • Export Citation
  • Building a brighter future for millions of kids (n.d.). Verizon. Retrieved October 15 2018. Avail: Verizon.com.

  • Butler A. (2010) Media education goes to school: Young people make meaning of media and urban education. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

    • Export Citation
  • Butler A. & Ladd A. (2016). Teacher training, lesson plan development, and classroom integration: Notes on the process of building a media literacy curriculum. Media Education Research Journal 6(2) 1429.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Butler A. Fuentes-Bautista M. & Scharrer E. (2018). Building media literacy in higher education: Department approaches, undergraduate certificate, and engaged scholarship. In Cubbage J. (Ed.). Media literacy in higher education environments pp.153171. Hershey, PA: igi Global.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • California State legislature (August 6 2013). Cardenas introduces legislation to encourage computer education. Avail: cardenas.house.gov.

  • Chromebook sales to families help raise funds for ptas (n.d.). Retrieved October 15 2018. avail: google.com.

  • DeRousseau R. (August 2 2018). Apple isn’t the first to hit $1 trillion value. Here are five companies that did it earlier. Time Retrieved October 1 2018. Avail: time.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Domaille K. and Buckingham D. (November 2001). Youth media education survey 2001. Avail: portal.unesco.org.

  • Egan T. (September 14 2018). The secret to cracking Trump’s base. The New York Times. Retrieved September 14 2018. Avail: nytimes.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • FiveThirtyEight (2018). How popular/unpopular is President Trump? Retrieved September 1 2018. Avail: projects.fivethirtyeight.com.

  • Hayes-Jacobs H. (2014). Mastering media literacy. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press.

  • Hobbs R. (2011a). Digital and media literacy: Connecting culture and classroom. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

    • Export Citation
  • Hobbs R. (2011b). The state of media literacy: A response to Potter. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 55(3) 419430. doi: https://doi.org.10.1111/j.1460-2466.1998.tb02734.https://doi.org.10.1111/j.1460-2466.1998.tb02734

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ingles P. (July 14 2001). Corporate media literacy. On the Media New York: WNYC Studios. Retrieved October 1 2018. Avail: wnycstudios.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • iPad in the classroom (n.d.) Retrieved October 15 2018. Avail: apple.com.

  • Jhally S. and Earp J. (2003). Empowering literacy: Media education as a democratic imperative. A report commissioned by the Ford Foundation. Avail: mdlab2014.files.wordpress.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Jolls T. (March 10 2011). Voices of media literacy: International pioneers speak. Center for Media Literacy. Avail: cml.org.

    • Export Citation
  • Kaiser Family Foundation (January 20 2010). Daily media use among children and teens up dramatically from five years ago. Avail: kff.org.

  • Kellner D. and Share J. (2007). Critical media literacy, democracy, and the reconstruction of education. In Macedo D. and Steinberg S. (Eds.) Media literacy: A reader pp.323. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kubey R. (1998). Obstacles to the development of media education in the United States. Journal of Communication 48(1) 5869. doi: https://doi.org.10.1111/j.1460-2466.1998.tb02737.x.https://doi.org.10.1111/j.1460-2466.1998.tb02737.x

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Livingstone S. (2004). Media literacy and the challenges of new information and communication technologies. Communication Review. http:/eprints/lse.ac.uk/107. London: LSE research online.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Livingstone S. (July 27 2018). Media literacy – everyone’s favorite solution to the problems of regulation. Parenting for a digital future Avail: blogs.lse.ac.uk.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Masterman L. (1985). Teaching the media. London, England: Routledge.

  • Media literacy as an elective in public schools (2011). New Mexico bill #233. Avail nmlegis.gov.

  • Moore B. (1991). Media education. In Lusted D. (Ed.) The media studies book: A guide for teachers pp.171190. London, England: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • namle conference (n.d.). Retrieved October 15 2018. Avail: namleconference.net.

  • Phillips M. (August 2 2018a). Apple’s $1 trillion milestone reflects rise of powerful megacorporations. New York Times. Retrieved August 2 2018. Avail: nytimes.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Phillips P. (2018b). Giants: The global power elite New York, NY: Seven Stories Press.

  • Potter W.J. (1998). Media literacy. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

  • Potter W.J. (2010). The state of media literacy. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 54(4) 675696. doi: https://doi.org.10.1080/08838151.2011.521462.https://doi.org.10.1080/08838151.2011.521462

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Project for Excellence in Journalism (2008). The state of the news media 2008: An annual report on American journalism. Pew Internet Research. Avail: pewresearch.org.

  • Public Broadcasting System (2007). Democracy on deadline: Who owns the media? Retrieved October 15 2018. Avail: pbs.org.

  • Public school media literacy classes (2009). New Mexico bill #342. Avail nmlegis.gov

  • Robertson E. (2008). Teacher education in a democratic society: Learning and teaching the practices of democratic participation. In Cochran-Smith M. Feiman-Nemser S. McIntyre D.J. Demers K. (Eds.) Handbook of research on teacher education: Enduring questions in changing contexts (3rd ed.) pp.2744. New York, NY: Routledge and Taylor & Francis Group.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schofield-Clark L. (2008). The constant contact generation: Exploring teen friendship networks online. In Mazzarella S.R. (Ed.) Girl wide web: Girls the internet and negotiations of identity pp.203221. New York, NY: Peter Lang.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Schofield-Clark L. (March 12 2014). Banning kids from having smartphones misses the point. Psychology Today Retrieved September 30 2018. Avail: psychologytoday.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shah A. (January 28 2012). Media in the United States. Global Issues Retrieved September 1 2018. Avail: globalissues.org.

  • Singer N. and Maheshwari S. (October 23 2018). Google is teaching children how to act online. Is it the best role model? The New York Times Retrieved October 23 2018. Avail: nytimes.com.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Tyner K. (1998). Literacy in a digital world: Teaching and learning in the age of informationMahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    • Export Citation
  • Wineberg S. McGraw S. Breakstone J. and Ortega T. (2016). Evaluating information: The cornerstone of civic online reasoning. Stanford Digital Repository. Avail: http://purl.stanford.edu/fv75lyt5934.

    • Export Citation
  • Yousman B. (2016). Who’s afraid of critical media literacy? (pp. 369416) In Huff M. and Lee Roth A. (eds.). Censored 2017 New York, NY: Seven Stories Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 80 80 17
Full Text Views 1 1 1
PDF Downloads 1 1 1