This paper looks at the narratives of Hoisan-wa-speaking elders and Hoisan heritage people in northern California. By discursively analyzing these narratives in terms of orders of indexicality, I show how Hoisan-wa is seen as disrupting a future-oriented ideology of modernity, and how this impacts on Chinese American monolingual Hoisan-wa elders. Because shifts have taken place in terms of what languages are considered “modern” and “useful”, and because of the resulting linguistic marginalization, reified by both international and national media and local-level discourses about languages, Hoisan-heritage elders experience a set of pressures to which many, including their families, might not be well attuned: feelings of being linguistically left out/behind and silenced in multiple contexts that they consider “home.” Thus, it is critical to attend to the enmeshing of these elders’ personal and public histories with larger sociolinguistic histories.
BengstonVern L.ElderGlen H.Jr.PutneyNorella M.JohnsonMalcolm L.“The Lifecourse Perspective on Ageing: Linked Lives, Timing, and History.”The Cambridge Handbook of Age and Ageing2005New YorkCambridge University Press493501
LeungGenevieveDomain Analysis of Contemporary Chinese American Language Use in Northern California: Some Implications for Minoritized Chinese Languages in the u.s. Working Papers of the Linguistics Circle2013231129157
MillerPeggyFungHeidiKovenMicheleKitayamaShinobuCohenDov“Narrative Reverberations: How Participation in Narrative Practices Co-creates Persons and Cultures.”Handbook of Cultural Psychology2007New YorkGuilford Press595614