Traditionally, Chinese women were seen as homemakers. They were expected to stay home and to take care of their children while their husbands were out at work. The overseas Chinese in Japan were no exception. Most of the first generation who followed their husbands to Japan were housewives. Although a number of women helped out in the family business alongside their husbands, overseas-Chinese women were positioned as “stay-home mothers” and “helping wives.” This research aims to question and reposition the perception of overseas Chinese women in Japan. I utilized fieldwork, primary and secondary textual sources, and oral-history interviews to study the representation of overseas-Chinese women in Yokohama’s Chinatown. Analysis of my fieldwork materials and life stories of the overseas-Chinese women allows me to argue that the second and third generations of overseas-Chinese women in Yokohama were no ordinary housewives but pioneers in supporting overseas-Chinese education. I explored how members of a women’s Association founded and managed education services and cultural activities in the Yokohama’s Chinatown community. This research is the first English-language project that investigates the relationship between overseas-Chinese women and education. It fills in the gaps in existing literature by highlighting the role of overseas-Chinese women, the history of overseas-Chinese education, and the relationship between ethnic-Chinese identity formation and the input of overseas-Chinese women in Yokohama’s Chinatown.
Hengbin Shanshou Zhonghua xuexiao bainian xiaozhi bianji weiyuan hui 横滨山手中华学校百年校史编集委员会Hengbin Shanshou Zhonghua Xuexiao Bainian Xiaozhi 1898-92004 横浜山手中华学校百年校志 1898-2004 (The Hundred Years of History of Yokohama Yamate Chinese School 1898-2004)2004JapanYokohama Overseas Yamate School
MitaniKyoko三谷香子Esunikku baundari-no Soushutu: Yokohama Chukagai ni okeru Kakyojoseishi エスニックバウンダリーの「創出」：横浜中華街における華僑女性史 (The making of ethnic boundary: Overseas Chinese women history in Yokohama’s Chinatown)2008TokyoThe Duan Press
SkinnerG. WilliamModern Chinese Society: An Analytical Bibliography (1. Publications in Western Languages 1644-1972)1976Stanford, CaliforniaStanford University PressAssisted by Deborah B. Honig and Edwin A. Winckler