Comparing the Effect of Chinese and Japanese Migration Experiences on Peruvian National Identity (中日秘鲁移民秘鲁国家认同的比较研究)

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Research on migration has often characterized migration and the state as being in conflict. International migration does present some challenges to the state in accommodating migrants that bring with them various cultural and social identities. Nonetheless, not all migration experiences can be generalized in dichotomous terms. In this sense, the case of the first South American country to elect a president of Japanese origin and to regard a Chinese migrant-owned supermarket chain as representative of the state’s business model merits closer examination. The experience of Chinese and Japanese migrants in Peru contributes to the literature on transnational migration that regards migrants as both recipients of change and agents that influence a state’s national identity. Through measures such as common language acquisition and the adoption of new cultural traditions, Chinese and Japanese migrants were integrated into Peru and thus influenced some changes in the state’s national identity in a less conflictive way.

外来移民给移入国带来不同的文化和社会认同,从而带来一系列挑战。故在现有移民研究中,移民和移入国常被认为处于冲突状态。然而并非所有移民都与移入国文化对立。本文将日裔移民首次当选拉丁美洲国家总统及中国连锁超市成为移入国商业模范作为案例,对此观点进行阐述。本文指出,秘鲁的中国和日本移民在被移入国改变的同时,也影响了移入国的国家认同。中国及日本移民通过语言习得和文化适应融入秘鲁社会,进而通过较为平和的方式给秘鲁的国家认同带来了影响。

This article is in English.

Comparing the Effect of Chinese and Japanese Migration Experiences on Peruvian National Identity (中日秘鲁移民秘鲁国家认同的比较研究)

in Journal of Chinese Overseas

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By 193463.5 per cent of Japanese migrants were in commerce (Morimoto 1999: 94).

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