Family-Making in the Transnational Social Field (在跨国移民社会空间中的家庭构建)

The Child-Raising Practices of Chinese Migrants in Slovenia (以中国移民在斯洛文尼亚的子女抚养为例)

in Journal of Chinese Overseas
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Drawing upon multi-sited ethnographic research I analyze the family-making practices among migrants from south-eastern Zhejiang migrating to Slovenia. The article highlights how traditions, norms and values regarding child-raising are negotiated at both ends of the migration process. The focus is on the practice of leaving children in the care of kin or non-kin caregivers in the migrants’ place of origin and how this particular practice is embedded into the everyday experiences of Chinese migrants in Slovenia. I argue that these practices are not a simple, reciprocal exchange of aid (caregiving) and money (remittances) but have further social implications. They should rather be understood as a crucial mechanism of sustaining the migrants’ transnational field through a continuous flow of money, information, objects and people.

笔者采用多点民族志的研究方法,分析了来自中国浙江省东南部的移民们在斯洛文尼亚如何进行家庭构建的实践。本论文强调了移民输出国与接收国双方的传统教育观念、规范与价值取向如何在移民化过程中被谈判,并着重揭示了中国移民们将子女寄养于国内的亲属或非亲属的现象,以及这一特殊的家庭构建实践如何交织于他们在斯洛文尼亚的日常生活。最后,笔者认为这一系列的实践不只是中国移民们与国内进行的简单的互惠性交换,它们更应该被理解为通过金钱、信息、物质、人员的持续性流通来维持移民们在跨国移民社会空间中运行的一种重要机制,具有深层的社会意义。

This article is in English.

Family-Making in the Transnational Social Field (在跨国移民社会空间中的家庭构建)

The Child-Raising Practices of Chinese Migrants in Slovenia (以中国移民在斯洛文尼亚的子女抚养为例)

in Journal of Chinese Overseas

Sections

References

acwf (All-China Women’s Federation) Research report on left-behind children and migrant children in China 2013 Available from: http://acwf.people.com.cn/n/2013/0510/c99013-21437965.html (12. 5.2015)

ÅkessonLisaCarlingJørgenDrotbohmHeike “Mobility, Moralities and Motherhood: Navigating the Contingencies of cape Verdean Lives” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2012 38 2 237 260

Aliens Act Uradni list RS [Official gazette of Republic of Slovenia] 2011 50 Available from: http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=201150&stevilka=2360 (17.8.2012)

Baike 百科百度Baidu Zhejiang jingshen 浙江精神 (Zhejiang spirit) 2012 Available from: http://baike.baidu.com/view/1057624.htm (12.6.2012)

BaldassarLorettaVellekoop BaldockCoraWildingRaelene Families Caring Across Borders: Migration Ageing and Transnational Caregiving 2007 Basingstoke, Hampshire Palgrave Macmillan

BaschLindaGlick SchillerNinaSzanton BlancCristina Nations Unbound: Transnational projects postcolonial predicaments and deterritorialized nation states 1994 Langhorne, PA Gordon and Breach

BernsteinNina Chinese-American Children Sent to Live With Kin Abroad Face a Tough Return 2009 The New York Times (July 23). Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/24/nyregion/24chinese.html?_r=1 (12.7.2016)

BoccagniPaolo “Practising Motherhood at a Distance: Retention and Loss in Ecuadorian Transnational Families” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2012 38 2 261 277

BofulinMartina Daleč doma: migracije iz Ljudske republike Kitajske v Slovenijo (Home and away: Migration from the People’s Republic of China to Slovenia) 2016 Ljubljana ZRC SAZU Publishing House

BrycesonDeborahVuorelaUla BrycesonDeborahVuorelaUla “Transnational Families in the Twenty-first Century” Transnational family: New European Frontiers and Global Networks 2002 Oxford, New York Berg 3 30

CarlingJørgen “The human dynamics of migrant transnationalism” Ethnic and Racial Studies 2008 31 8 1452 1477

CarlingJørgenMenjívarCeciliaSchmalzbauerLeah “Central Themes in the Study of Transnational Parenthood” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2012 38 2 191 217

CağlarAyse S. “Constraining metaphors and the transnationalisation of spaces in Berlin” Journal of ethnic and migration studies 2001 27 4 601 613

ChangFelix B.Rucker-ChangSunnie T. Chinese Migrants in Russia Central Asia and Eastern Europe 2012 London and New York Routledge

ChenMengtongXiaoyueSun Ling ChanKo “Parenting and grandparenting of left behind children in China” Chinese migration and Families-At-Risk 2015 Newcastle upon Tyne Cambridge Scholars Publishings 37 52

DaWei Wei “Transnational Grandparenting: Child Care Arrangements Among Migrants from the People’s Republic of China to Australia” Journal of International Migration and Integration 2003 4 1 79 103

DrebyJoanna Divided by Borders: Mexican Migrants and Their Children 2010 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

Employment and Work of Aliens Act Uradni list RS [Official gazette of Republic of Slovenia] 2011 26 Available from: http://www.uradnilist.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=201126&stevilka=1152 (24.6.2014)

ErelUmut BrycesonDeborahVuorelaUla “Reconceptualizing Motherhood: Experiences Migrant Women from Turkey Living in Germany” Transnational family: New European Frontiers and Global Networks 2002 Oxford, New York Berg 127 146

GarrisonVivianWeiss I.Carol “Dominican family networks and United States immigration policy: A case study” International Migration Review 1979 13 264 283

GijsbertsMéroveHuijnkWillemVogelsRia Chinese Nederlanders: Van Horeca naar Hogeschool 2011 Den Haag Het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau

GrahamElspethJordanLucy P. “Migrant Parents and the Psychological Well-Being of Left-Behind Children in Southeast Asia” Journal of Marriage and Family 2011 73 763 787

GrassmuckSherriPessarPatricia R. Between two islands: Dominican international migration. 1991 Berkeley University of California Press

HahnHans PeterKluteGeorg Cultures of Migration: African Perspectives 2007 Münster Lit. Verlag

He 何毅Yi Qiaoxiang liushou ertong fazhan zhuangkuang diaocha baogao — yi Zhejiang Qingtian wei lie 侨乡留守儿童发展状况调查报告 — 以浙江青田为列 (Investigation report on the development conditions of qiaoxiang’s children ‘left behind’ — the case of Qingtian in Zhejiang) Zhongguo qingnian yanjiu 2008 10 53 57

HeymannJody Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy 2006 Oxford Oxford University Press

HeymannJodyFlores-MaciasFranciscoHayesJeffrey A.KennedyMalindaLahaieClaudiaEarleAlison “The impact of migration on the well-being of transnational families: new data from sending communities in Mexico” Community Work and Family 2009 12 1 91 103

HoElsie Transnational child caring among Chinese families in New Zealand 2012 Papers presented at Patways to Metropolis in the 21. Century: Immigration Issues and futures Albany: Massey University Available from: http://newsettlers.massey.ac.nz/publications_pdfs/Elsie%20Ho.pdf (13.7.2016)

Hondagneu-SoteloPierretteAvilaErnestine “I’m here, but I’m there: The meanings of Latina transnational motherhood” Gender and Society 1997 11 548 571

HuangShirlenaYeohBrenda S. A. “Transnational families and their children’s education: China’s ‘study mothers’ in Singapore” Global Networks 2005 5 4 379 400

HuangShirlenaYeohBrenda S. A.LamTheodora “Asian Transnational Families in Transition: The Liminality of Simultaneity” International Migration 2008 46 4 3 13

IpManying “Here, There and Back Again: A New Zealand Case Study of Chinese Circulatory Transmigration Migration Information Source 2012 January 24 Available from: http://www.migrationpolicy.org/search?search_api_views_fulltext=ip+manying&field_publication_type=95&created%5Bdate%5D=09%2F01%2F2001&created_1%5Bdate%5D= (1.8.2016)

KrauseElizabeth K. “Fistful of tears’: Encounters with Transnational Affect, Chinese immigrants and Italian Fast Fashion Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series 2015 5 10 27 39

KwonJune Hee “The Work of Waiting: Love and Money in Korean Chinese Transnational Migration” Cultural Anthropology 2015 30 3 477 500

LandoltPatriciaDaWei Wei “The Spatially Ruptured Practices of Migrant Families: A Comparison of Immigrants from El Salvador and the People’s Republic of China” Current Sociology 2005 53 4 625 653

LevittPeggy The Transnational Villagers 2011 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

LevittPeggySchiller GlickNina “Conceptualizing Simultaneity: A Transnational Social Field Perspective on Society” International Migration Review 2004 38 1002 1039

LiuLiangni Sally IpManying “New Zealand Case Study of prc Transnational Migration: Returnees and Trans-Tasman Migrants” Transmigration and the New Chinese: Theories and Practices from the new Zealand Experience 2011 Hong Kong University of Hong Kong 57 101

MacDonaldJohn S.MacdonaldBeatrice D. “Chain migration, ethnic neighborhood formation, and social networks” Millbank Memorial Fund Quarterly 1964 42 82 97

MakAnitaChanHelen HartleyRobyn “Chinese family values in Australia” Families and cultural diversity in Australia 1995 Sidney Allen and Unwin 70 95

MasseyS. Douglas Worlds in motion: Understanding international migration at the end of the millennium 1998 Oxford, New York Clarendon Press

MazzucatoValeriaSchansDjamila “Transnational Family and the Well-being of Children: Conceptual and methodological Challenges” Journal of Marriage and Family 2011 73 704 712

MorookaHidekiZaiLing “International migration and education of left behind children in Fujian, China” Asian Pacific Migration Journal 2009 18 3 345 370

NoblesJenna “Parenting from abroad: Migration, nonresident father involvement, and children education in Mexico” Journal of Marriage and Family 2011 73 729 746

NyiriPál D. Chinese in Eastern Europe and Russia: a middleman minority in a transnational era 2007 London Routledge

OlwigKaren Fog “The narratives of children left behind: Home and identity in a globalized Caribbean family” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 1999 25 2 267 284

OlwigKaren Fog Fog OlwigKarenGulløvEva “Children’s place of belonging in immigrant families of Caribbean background” Children’s places: Cross-cultural perspectives 2003 London, New York Routledge 217 235

OlwigKaren Fog “The Care Chain, Children’s Mobility and the Caribbean Migration Tradition” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 2012 38 6 933 952

OrellanaMarjoire FaulstichThorneBarrieCheeAnnaLamWan Shun Eva “Transnational Childhoods: The Participation of Children in Processes of Family Migration” Social Problems 2001 48 4 572 591

Pan 潘玉进YujinTian 田晓霞XiaoxiaWang 王艳蓉Yanrong Huaqiao liushou ertong de jiating jiaoyu zeyuan yu renge, xingwei de guanxi yi yi Wenzhoushi weili de yanjiu 华侨留守儿童的家庭教育资源与人格、行为的关系-以温州市为例的研究 (Overseas Chinese children left behind in connection with family education resources, personality and behavior: The case of Wenzhou) Huaqiao huaren lishi yanjiu 2010 3 22 30

PapastergiadisNikos The turbulence of migration: globalization deterritorialization and hybridity 2000 Cambridge Polity Press

ParreñasRhacel “Long distance intimacy: class, gender and intergenerational relations between mothers and children in Filipino transnational family” Global Networks 2005 5 4 317 336

PribilskyJason “Aprendemos a convivir: conjugal relations, co-parenting, and family life among Ecuadorian transnational migrants in New York City and the Ecuadorian Andes” Global Networks 2004 4 3 313 334

Residence Registration Act Uradni list RS [Official gazette of Republic of Slovenia] 2006 59 Available from: http://www.uradni-list.si/1/objava.jsp?urlid=200659&stevilka=2496 (3.9.2007)

RyanLouise “Transnational relations: family migration among recent Polish migrants in London” International Migration 2011 49 2 80 103

SchmalzbauerLeah “Searching for wages and mothering from afar: The case of Honduran transnational families” Journal of Marriage and Family 2004 66 1317 1331

SmithRobert Courtney Mexican New York: Transnational Lives of New Immigrants 2006 Berkeley, CA University of California Press

SørensenNyberg NinnaVammenMarie “Who Cares? Transnational Families in Debates on Migration and Development” New Diversities 2014 16 2 89 97

SotoIsa María SuttonConstance R.ChaneyElsa “West Indian child fostering: Its role in migration exchanges” Caribbean Life in New York 1987 New York Center for Migration Studies of New York 131 149

StarkOdedDavidBloom “The New Economics of Labor Migration” American Economic Review 1985 75 2 173 178

ThaiHung Cam Insufficient funds: the culture of money in low-wage transnational families 2014 Stanford Stanford University Press

ThunøMette PiekeFrankMalleeHein “Moving Stones from China to Europe” Internal and International Migration: Chinese perspectives 1999 Richmond Curzon Press 159 179

VeblenThorstein The theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions 2007 [1899] Oxford Oxford University Press

WatersJohanna L. “Transnational Family strategies and education in the contemporary Chinese diaspora” Global Networks 2005 5 4 359 377

WhitehouseBruce “Transnational childrearing and the preservation of transnational identity in Brazzaville, Congo” Global Networks 2009 9 1 82 99

WildingRaelene “‘Virtual’ intimacies? Families communicating across transnational contexts” Global Networks 2006 6 125 142

WildingRaeleneBaldassarLoretta “Transnational family-work balance: Experience of Australian migrants caring for ageing parents and young children across distance and borders” Journal of Family Studies 2009 15 2 177 187

Wu 吴晶Jing Qiao xing tianxia 侨行天下 (Overseas Chinese around the world) 2006 Beijing Dazhong wenyi chuban she

Ye 叶中鸣Zhongming Qingtian Qiaoxiang Tanyuan 青田侨乡探源 (A study on the origins of the emigrant district Qingtian) Qingtian Wenshi Ziliao 1986 2 64 77

ZelizerViviana A. “The social meaning of money: ‘Special monies’” American Journal of Sociology 1989 95 2 342 377

Zhongguo 中国青田网Qingtian Wang Qingtian gaikuang 青田概况 (Overview of Qongtian) 2012 Available from: http://qtnews.zjol.com.cn/news/text.asp?id=85134 (12.5.2013)

6

Article 49 of the Aliens Act (2011) stipulates that a child born in Slovenia to parents with valid residence permits does not require a residence permit for up to three months from the time of birth. Yet if parents apply for the child’s residence permit the state should issue it within these three months. In the event of the parents of a child born in the Republic of Slovenia holding temporary residence permits the child is issued a temporary residence permit for the same duration as the parents’ residence permits. If one of the parents holds a permanent residence permit the child is likewise issued a permanent residence permit.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 22 22 12
Full Text Views 19 19 15
PDF Downloads 4 4 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0