Eurasia and Ancient Egypt in the Fourth Millennium BCE

In: Journal of Egyptian History
Author: Svend Hansen1
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  • 1 Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Eurasien-Abteilung
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This article focuses on technical innovations, new interregional networks, and social upheavals in the fourth millennium BCE. Similar trends in the iconography of the lion, the heraldic animal of power, can be observed in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Caucasus. This indicates that a process of concentration of power in the hands of strong rulers or kings took place relatively synchronously in these regions. The exchange of coveted raw materials such as copper and silver was connected with the transfer of knowledge between these regions, which can be seen in metal objects such as daggers and knives.

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