Two Studies in 21st Dynasty Chronology*

I: Deconstructing Manetho’s 21st Dynasty

II: The Datelines of High Priest Menkheperre

In: Journal of Egyptian History
Peter James London UK

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Robert Morkot Department of Archaeology University of Exeter UK

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There has never been any consensus on the nature, composition and chronology of the “21st Dynasty”. Recent research has produced an ever-increasing multiplicity of rival models, most still relying on the information given in the surviving epitomes of the Hellenistic scholar Manetho. The claim that the regnal years given by “Manetho” for the 21st Dynasty are corroborated by the monuments is completely unjustified and based on circular reasoning. Progress can only be made by completely abandoning reliance on Manetho (a hangover from early 19th century, pre-decipherment, scholarship) once and for all.

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