This article argues that Chinese state intellectual approaches to medicine significantly influenced the institutional reception of Western medicine in early modern Japan. Confucian-inspired general reforms of government in late eighteenth-century Japan encouraged an increase in state medical intervention, including the introduction of Western medical practices, achieved primarily through the use of transnational Confucian intellectual knowledge apparatuses. Through a sociology of knowledge approach, this article analyzes the links between earlier private-sphere Chinese medical practice, late Chinese imperial state ideas on medicine, and early modern state-led medical Westernization in Japan. The article highlights the role of trans-Asian Confucian ideas, networks and practices in mediating new approaches to technical innovation, including those from the West. The position for Confucianism argued in the article thereby resonates with Bayly’s idea of the early modern information order of India, and Pollock and Ricci’s ideas on cosmopolitan discursive spaces in other parts of Asia.
SugimotoScience and Culture214. This link may even hold for Chen Ziming who was writing at the height of military conflict between the Southern Song and the Mongols just before the ultimate liquidation of the former dynasty see Chen Fu Ren.
Sugimoto, Science and Culture, 214. This link may even hold for Chen Ziming, who was writing at the height of military conflict between the Southern Song and the Mongols, just before the ultimate liquidation of the former dynasty, see Chen, Fu Ren.)| false
MoriTaki no Jiseki213 224. On the introduction of examinations in the State Confucian Academy during this period and their linkage to shogunate employment see Paramore “The Nationalization of Confucianism: Academism Examinations and Bureaucratic Governance in the Late Tokugawa State.”
Mori, Taki no Jiseki, 213, 224. On the introduction of examinations in the State Confucian Academy during this period, and their linkage to shogunate employment, see Paramore, “The Nationalization of Confucianism: Academism, Examinations, and Bureaucratic Governance in the Late Tokugawa State.”)| false