Migrants and Mutineers: The Rebellion of Kong Youde and Seventeenth-Century Northeast Asia

in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
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Abstract

This article analyzes the 1631-33 mutiny led by Kong Youde against the Ming state on the Shandong peninsula and argues that the conflict emerged directly out of the social tensions between local populations and the displaced migrant refugees of the Bohai gulf region. The maritime integration of the Shandong coast city of Dengzhou with the commercial networks of the Liaodong peninsula and the island archipelagoes of the Bohai, together with the militarization of this regional space, created the social conditions in which Kong Youde could mobilize migrant discontent and attempt to construct his own independent military regime. Cette contribution examine la révolte de 1631-1633 dans la presqu'île de Shantung (Shangdong) mené par Kong Youde contre l'Empire Ming. L'auteur estime que ce conflit est en rapport direct avec les tensions sociales entre les populations locales et des migrants déplacés, des réfugés de la région du Golfe de Bohai. D'une part l'intégration maritime de Dengzhou, ville cotière de Shantung avec les réseaux commerciaux de la presqu'île Liaodong, et d'autre part celle avec les archipels de Bohai, ainsi que la militarisation de la région en surcroît, créèrent des conditions sociales qui permîrent à Kong Youde de mobiliser des migrants mécontants qui lui servîrent dans son régime militaire indépendant prévu.

Migrants and Mutineers: The Rebellion of Kong Youde and Seventeenth-Century Northeast Asia

in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

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