Securing and Developing the Southwestern Region: The Role of the Cham and Malay Colonies in Vietnam (18th-19th centuries)

in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient
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Abstract

This article traces the history of the Cham and Malay military colonies in the southwestern provinces of Vietnam, from their creation in the eighteenth century to their dismantling during the last decades of the nineteenth century. The colonies were meant to protect the Khmero-Vietnamese border and secure Vietnamese positions in the southwestern regions (formerly part of Cambodia), as well as in eastern Cambodia. The study of the Chams and Malays in southern Vietnam sheds new light on the dynamics of power, the struggles for supremacy, and inter-ethnic associations during the process of state-building in Southeast Asia.

Securing and Developing the Southwestern Region: The Role of the Cham and Malay Colonies in Vietnam (18th-19th centuries)

in Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient

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9)

The Protectorate was established in 1820. Vietnamese sources state that King Ang Chan “implored” the Huế court’s protection and Nguyễn Văn Thoại was appointed Protector (bảo hộ) of Cambodia. (DNLT 2:577)

10)

Labussière 1880: 373-80.

11)

Dürrwell 1898: 4-29.

12)

Mak 2003: 75-98.

19)

See Po 1983; Po 1987vol. 1; Mohamad 1990. Po Ladhuanpughuh is known as Nguyễn Văn Hảo in the Vietnamese documents.

20)

Ang Chan reigned from 1797 to 1835.

33)

See Chandler 1973: 159-64.

40)

In 1840according to an official report adressed to Emperor Minh Mạng the Việt population numbered only eighty (DNTL 22:68).

44)

See Chaophraya 1967: 250; Manich 2001: 195.

45)

See Choi 2004: 138-9 and 142-4.

Figures

  • View in gallery
    Southern Vietnam or the Six Provinces. Map adapted from Langlet, Philippe and Quach Thanh Tâm, 2001.
  • View in gallery
    Cham settlements on Châu Đốc region. Map adapted from Nguyễn Văn Luận , 1974.

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