In works that have profoundly influenced contemporary views of China’s economic growth relative to the Europe’s in the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries, Jan De Vries has concluded that “the East Asian industrious revolution is very much a supply-side phenomenon”, while Kenneth Pomeranz and R. Bin Wong among others have concluded that consumer restraint was a characteristic of eighteenth century society. These views are not supported by economic behaviour in Qing Yangzhou, where middle-brow writings show a marked attention to household décor and a high level of interest in material goods, including imports.
BlondéBrunoVan DammeIljaTamborrinoRosaWelchEvelynThe Shop, the Home, and the Retail Revolution: Antwerp, Seventeenth-Eighteenth CenturiesCittà e Storia200727335350Special Issue: Shopping and Housing: Shops Merchants’ Houses and the Market Place in Europe in the Early Modern Age
ErlinMattTatlockLynneHow to Think About Luxury Editions in Late Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century GermanyPublishing Culture and the “Reading Nation”: German Book History in the Long Nineteenth Century2010RochesterCamden House2554
HuangJingbin黄敬斌Minsheng yu jiaji: Qing chu zhi minguo shiqi Jiangnan jumin de xiaofei 民生与家计：清初至民国时期江南居民的消费Life and livelihood: consumption among residents of Jiangnan from the early Qing to the Republic2009ShanghaiFudan Daxue chubanshe
LiuAiwen刘爱文Shilun Wei Jin Nanbeichao shiqi dizhujieji de xiaofei tezheng ji qi yingxiang 试论魏晋南北朝时期地主阶级的消费特征及其影响The characteristics and impact of consumption by the landlord class in the Wei Jin Northern and Southern dynasties periodXiangtan Daxue shehui kexue xuebaoXiangtan University Social Sciences Journal198535055
OwenStephenHutersTheodoreBin WongR.PaulineYuSalvaging Poetry: The ‘Poetic’ in the QingCulture and State in Chinese History: Conventions Accommodations and Critiques1997StanfordStanford University Press104125
TangWenji唐文基Shilun Mingdai tongzhi jituan de xiaofei wenti 试论明代统治集团的消费问题Questions about consumption in the Ming dynasty ruling groupZhongguo shehui jingji shi yanjiuThe Journal of Chinese Social and Economic History198826471
WangJiafan王家范Ming Qing Jiangnan xiaofei xingzhi yu xiaofei xiaoguo jiexi—Ming Qing xiaofei jingji tance zhi er 明清江南消费性质与消费效果解析—明清江南消费经济探测之二The nature of consumption in Jiangnan during the Ming and Qing period andan analysis of its effects—Part 2 of a survey of the consumer economy in Ming-Qing JiangnanShanghai shehui kexue xueshu jikanShanghai Social Science Academic Quarterly19882157167
WangXiaoqian王筱倩GuoWeimin过伟敏Yangzhou chuantong minju jianzhu tezheng yanjiu zongshu 扬州传统民居建筑特征研究综述Overview of research on the characteristics of traditional domestic residential architecture in YangzhouYangzhou daxue xuebaoJournal of Yangzhou University—Humanities and Social Sciences2012163101108
WuRenshu巫仁恕Youyou fangxiang: Ming Qing Jiangnan chengshi de xiuxian xiaofei yu kongjian bianqian 優游坊廂. 明清江南城市的休閑消費與空間變遷Urban pleasures: leisure consumption and spatial transformation in Jiangnan cities during the Ming-Qing Period2013TaipeiZhongyang yanjiuyuan jindaishi yanjiusuo
XiaoGuoliang萧国亮Qingdai Lianghuai yanshang de shechixing xiaofei ji qi jingji yingxiang 清代两淮盐商的奢侈性消费及其经济影响Luxury consumption among the Lianghuai salt merchants and it economic consequences in the QingLishi yanjiuHistorical studies19824135144
XiaoGuoliang萧国亮Qingdai lianghuai yanshang de shichixing xiaofei ji qi jingji yingxiang 清代两淮盐商的奢侈性消费及其经济影响Luxury consumption by the salt merchants of Yangzhou and its economic impactLishi yanjiu19824135144
S. Naquin and E. Sakakida RawskiChinese Society in the Eighteenth Century (New Haven: Yale University Press1989): 78; Sandi Chin and Cheng-chi (Ginger) Hsu “Anhui Merchant Culture and Patronage.” In Shadows of Mt Huang: Chinese Painting and Printing of the Anhui School ed. J. Cahill (University Art Museum 1981): 21.
Meng YueShanghai and the Edges of Empire (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press2006): 145-146. See also J. Hay Sensuous Surfaces: The Decorative Object in Early Modern China (Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press 2010): 312.
B. Peh-t’i WeiRuan Yuan 1764-1849: The Life and Work of a Major Scholar-Official in Nineteenth-Century China Before the Opium War (Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press2006): 24-33; Meyer-Fong Building Culture: 114-125; Finnane Speaking of Yangzhou: 276-283.
F. BrayTechnology and Gender: Fabrics of Power in Late Imperial China (Berkeley: University of California Press1997); K. Ruitenbeek Carpentry and Building in Late Imperial China: A Study of the Fifteenth Century Carpenter’s Manual Lu Ban Jing (Leiden: Brill 1996).
B. Blondé and I. Van Damme“The Shop, the Home, and the Retail Revolution: Antwerp, Seventeenth-Eighteenth Centuries.”Città e Storia[Special Issue: Shopping and Housing: Shops Merchants’ Houses and the Market Place in Europe in the Early Modern Age ed. R. Tamborrino and E. Welch] 2/7 (2007): 341 350.