This article examines the roles of Bedouin in the implementation of late Ottoman regulations that aimed to create an intrusive system for managing animals as property. Using material of the central archives, the article outlines relevant regulations and amendments, showing how communications between central officials and provincial bureaucrats in regions with nomadic populations contributed to the process of lawmaking. It then presents an analysis of sharīʿa court records from the district of Salt, in southeastern Syria, arguing that Bedouin both participated in implementing this system at the district level and challenged its parameters, especially with regard to taxation of their livestock property.
BatatuHannaThe Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movements in Iraq: A Study of Iraq’s Old Landed and Commercial Classes and of Its Communists Baʿthists and Free Officers1978PrincetonPrinceton University Press
İslamoğluHuriİslamoğluHuriPolitics of Administering Property: Law and Statistics in the Nineteenth-century Ottoman EmpireConstituting Modernity: Private Property in the East and West2004aLondonI.B. Tauris334
İslamoğluHuriİslamoğluHuriTowards a Political Economy of Legal and Administrative Constitutions of Individual PropertyConstituting Modernity: Private Property in the East and West2004bLondonI.B. Tauris276319
PhilippThomasPhilippThomasSchaeblerBirgitHighways and Sea Lanes in Southwest Syria in the 18th CenturyThe Syrian Land: Processes of integration and Fragmentation. Bilad al-Sham from the 18th to the 20th Century1998WiesbadenFranz Steiner318