This article looks at the creation of feelings and their expression in Delhi in the 1840s and investigates the link between spaces and the emotions that they are built to evoke in the actors moving through them. Further, it investigates the intertwined relations between emotions and changing affective practices. For this, it draws on several archives that have long been viewed as belonging to different disciplines and proposes developing ways in which the interface between linguistic and non-linguistic sources can be explored, ranging from architecture—streets, buildings, and gardens—to miniatures and paintings, from census reports to poetry to topographical descriptions.
AsherCatherineHussainMahmoodRehmanAbdulWescoatJames L.Gardens of the Nobility: Raja Man Singh and the Bagh-i-WahThe Mughal Garden: Interpretation, Conservation, and Implications1996RawalpindiFerozons6171
FlattEmmaAliDaudFlattEmmaHeavenly Gardens: Astrology and Magic in the Garden Culture of the Medieval DeccanGarden and Landscape Practices in Pre-Colonial India: Histories from the Deccan2012LondonRoutledge172194
GuptaNarayaniMalikJamalFrom Architecture to Archeology: The “Monumentalisation” of Delhi’s History in the 19th CenturyPerspectives of Mutual Encounters in South Asian History 1760-18602000LeidenBrill4964
HabibIrfanWescoatJames L.Wolschke-BuhlmannJoachimNotes on the Economic and Social Aspects of Mughal GardensMughal Gardens: Sources, Places, Representations and Prospects1996Washington DCDumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection127137
JägerLudwigDeppermannArnulfLinkeAngelikaIntermedialität—Intramedialität—Transkriptivität: Überlegungen zu einigen Prinzipien der kulturellen SemiosisSprache Intermedial: Stimme und Schrift, Bild und Ton2009Berlinde Gruyter301323
KochEbbaHussainMahmoodRehmanAbdulWescoatJames L.The Char Bagh Conquers the Citadel: An Outline of the Development of the Mughal Palace GardenThe Mughal Garden: Interpretation, Conservation and Implications1996RawalpindiFerozons5560
LostyJeremiah P.BautzeJoachimThe Place of Company Painting in Indian ArtInteraction of Cultures: Indian and Western Painting, 1780-1910: The Ehrenfeld Collection1998Alexandria VAArt Services International2127
PernauMargritYunusJafferyJordheimHelgePernauMargritThe Virtuous Individual and Social Reform: Debates among North Indian Urdu SpeakersCivilizing Emotions: Concepts in Europe and Asia 1870-19202015OxfordOxford University Press169186
RichardsJohn F.WescoatJames L.Wolschke-BuhlmannJoachimThe Historiography of Mughal GardensMughal Garden: Sources, Places, Representations, and Prospect1996Washington DCDumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection259266
WelchAnthonyWescoatJames L.Wolschke-BuhlmannJoachimGardens that Babur Did Not Like: Landscape Water Architecture for the Sultans of DelhiMughal Gardens: Sources, Places, Representations, and Prospect1996Washington DCDumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection5993
This approach draws on M. Scheer, “Are Emotions a Kind of Practice (and Is That What Makes Them Have a History)? A Bourdieuian Approach to Understanding Emotion.”History and Theory51(2012): 193-220. G. Althoff, “Ira Regis. Prolegomena to a History of Royal Anger.” In Anger’s Past. The Social Uses of an Emotion in the Middle Ages, ed. B. Rosenwein (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998): 59-75, takes them further by emphasizing the role of the media.
B. Latour, Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network Theory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005); G. Böhme, “Atmosphere as the Fundamental Concept of a New Aesthetics.” Thesis Eleven 36 (1993): 113-26.
C. Dadlani, “The ‘Palais Indiens’ Collection of 1774. Representing Mughal Architecture in Late Eighteenth Century India.”Ars Orientalis39 (2010): 175-97. For an interpretation of the map and the identification of the buildings depicted, see S. Gole, “Three Maps of Shahjahanabad.” South Asian Studies 4 (1988): 13-27.
M. Archer and T. Falk, India Revealed: The Art and Adventures of James and William Fraser 1801-43 (London: Cassell, 1989); see also the miniatures forming part of J. Skinner, Tashrih ul aqwam, British Library, ms Add. 27, 255.
C. Clunas, Fruitful Sites: Garden Culture in Ming Dynasty China (Durham: Duke University Press, 1996). This argument was taken up and further developed for the gardens of the Deccan in Garden and Landscape Practices in Pre-Colonial India: Histories from the Deccan, eds. D. Ali and E. Flatt (London: Routledge, 2012). For the economic importance of the gardens during the height of the Mughal Empire, see I. Habib, “Notes on the Economic and Social Aspects of Mughal Gardens.” In Mughal Gardens: Sources, Places, Representations and Prospects, eds. J.L. Wescoat and J. Wolschke-Buhlmann (Washington dc: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1996): 127-37.