The Muṭarrifiyya was a popular religious movement in the northern highlands of Yemen in the years around 1000-1220 ce, perhaps best known for its opposition to two powerful Zaydī imams around the years 1150 and 1200 and the lively intellectual battle that these tensions engendered in the fields of theology and cosmology. This article takes a new and critical look at the formative years of the Muṭarrifiyya, questioning the assumption that it started with a theological dispute and rather arguing that there was already a form of “proto-Muṭarrifiyya” around the year 1000, existing as a loosely organised network of intellectuals engaging in common rituals, study circles, practices of hospitality and the collection and redistribution of zakāt.
AnsariHasanSchmidtkeSabineThe Literary-Religious Tradition among 7th/13th Century Yemenī Zaydīs: The Formation of the Imām al-Mahdī li-Dīn Allāh Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn b. al-Qāsim (d. 656/1258)Journal of Islamic Manuscripts20112165222
HeissJohannHeissJohann“Ein Shaykh ist ein Shaykh, aber was für ein Ding ist ein Sayyid?”Veränderung und Stabilität. Normen und Werte in islamischen Gesellschaften2005ViennaVerlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften121136
LaḥjīAbū l-Ghamr Musallam b. Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar al-MadelungWilferdThe Sīra of Imām Aḥmad b. Yaḥyā al-Nāṣir li-Dīn Allāh from Musallam al-Laḥjī’s Kitāb akhbār al-Zaydiyya bi l-Yaman1990ExeterIthaca Press
MadelungWilferdAbdallahYusuf MohammadAl-Hamdānī’s Description of Northern Yemen in the Light of Chronicles of the 4th/10th and 5th/11th CenturiesAl-Hamdānī: A Great Yemeni Scholar. Studies on the Occasion of his Milennial Anniversary1986SanaaSanaa University129137Reprinted in Religious and Ethnic Movements in Medieval Islam. Hampshire uk and Brookfield vt: Variorum 1992
MadelungWilferdKhalidiTarifLand Ownership and Land Tax in Northern Yemen and Najrān: 3rd-4th/ 9th-10th CenturyLand Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East1981BeirutAmerican University of Beirut189207Reprinted in Religious and Ethnic Movements in Medieval Islam Hampshire. uk and Brookfield vt: Variorum 1992
MadelungWilferdJonesAlanThe Origins of the Yemenite HijraArabicus Felix: Luminosus Brittanicus. Essays in Honour of A.F.L. Beeston on his Eightieth Birthday19912544(Reading: Ithaca Press)Reprinted in Religious and Ethnic Movements in Medieval Islam. Hampshire uk and Brookfield vt: Variorum 1992
MadelungWilferdMahmoud AbdallaAbdelgadirAl-SakkarSamiMortelRichard T.The Sīrat al-Amīrayn al-Ajallayn al-Sharīfayn al-Fāḍilayn al-Qāsim wa-Muḥammad Ibnay Jaʿfar b. al-Imām al-Qāsim Ibn ʿAlī al-ʿIyānī as a Historical Source.Studies in the History of Arabia pt. 2 Sources for the History of Arabia1979RiyadhRiyadh University Press6987Reprinted In Religious and Ethnic Movements in Mediaeval Islam. Hampshire uk and Brookfield vt: Variorum 1992
[al-Madʿaj]Yemeni Relations with the Central Islamic Authorities (9-233/630-847): A Political History1983(accessed 12 January 2016)PhD diss., Durham UniversityʿAbd al-Muḥsen Medej Muḥammad al-Medejhttp://etheses.dur.ac.uk/952/
A.M. ZaydTayyārāt muʿtazilat al-Yaman fī l-qarn al-sādis al-hijrī (Sanaa: al-Markaz al-Faransī lil-Dirāsāt al-Yamaniyya1997). Originally this work was his PhD dissertation Les tendences de la pensée muʿtazilite au Yémen auvième siècle (Université de Paris iii 1986).