This paper examines economic aspects of the Arab Revolt of 1936-39, which was, beyond doubt, a national Palestinian revolt. It is suggested that, while the rebels, most of whom were peasants, acted collectively for national causes, many of them also perceived personal economic and rural collective interests in participating and acted to pursue economic and national goals simultaneously. This analysis helps explain why peasants comprised the main rebel force, why many of them were “landless” and from the poorest stratum of Palestinian rural society, why militias tended to be small, why banditry became dominant in 1938, and how economic motivations fueled an internal Arab-Palestinian civil war.
GilbarGad G.KushnerDavidThe Growing Economic Involvement of Palestine with the West, 1865-1914Palestine in the Late Ottoman Period: Political Social and Economic Transformation1986JerusalemYad Izhak Ben-Zvi188210
GottheilFred M.KushnerDavidMoney and Product Flows in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Palestine: The Physiocratic Model AppliedPalestine in the Late Ottoman Period: Political Social and Economic Transformation1986JerusalemYad Izhak Ben-Zvi211230
Government of Palestine. Palestine Development DepartmentFrenchLewisDirector of DevelopmentAgricultural Development and Land Settlement in Palestine (First and Supplementary Reports)1931JerusalemThe Government Printer
Government of PalestineJohnsonW.J.CrosbieR.E.H.Report of a Committee on the Economic Condition of Agriculturists in Palestine and the Fiscal Measures of Government in Relation thereto1930JerusalemThe Government Printer
HarikIliyaAntonRichardHarikIliyaThe Impact of the Domestic Market on Rural-Urban Relations in the Middle EastRural Politics and Social Change in the Middle East1972BloomingtonIndiana University Press323356
SchölchAlexanderOwenRogerEuropean Penetration and the Economic Development of Palestine, 1856-82Studies in the Economic and Social History of Palestine in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries1982CarbondaleSouthern Illinois University Press1087
J. C. ScottThe Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia (New Haven: Yale University Press1976); S. L. Popkin The Rational Peasant: The Political Economy of Rural Society in Vietnam (Berkeley: University of California Press 1979).
Great BritainReport of the Commission on the Palestine Disturbances of August 1929 (London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office1930); Great Britain Colonial Office Report on Immigration Land Settlement and Development by Sir John Hope Simpson (London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office 1930); Government of Palestine Palestine Development Department Agricultural Development and Land Settlement in Palestine (First and Supplementary Reports) by Lewis French Director of Development (Jerusalem: The Government Printer 1931).
Government of PalestineReport of a Committee on the Economic Condition of Agriculturists in Palestine and the Fiscal Measures of Government in Relation Thereto W. J. Johnson R.E.H. Crosbie et al. (Jerusalem: The Government Printer1930).
K. W. Stein“The Intifada and the 1936-1939 Uprising: A Comparison.”Journal of Palestine Studies76 (1990): 65-85. Arnon-Ohana Falaḥim ba-mered: 37 47 50. Arnon-Ohana “The Intifada and the 1936-1939 Uprising: A Comparison.”: 25-34. xxviii.
Barclays/11/317 16 December1936“Agricultural Loans in Palestine” a letter from the local director in Palestine to the general managers in London.
In1936the daily wage for an ordinary agricultural worker in the Arab sector was 110 mills (£P0.11) per day. A salary of £P2 was thus significant as it was equivalent to the wage of more than eighteen full working days. For wages see Government of Palestine Department of Statistics Statistical Abstract of Palestine (Jerusalem: The Government Printer various years) and Government of Palestine Department of Statistics General Monthly Bulletin of Current Statistics (Jerusalem: The Government Printer various dates): March 1944: 117; April 1946: 133; July 1946: 353; Dec. 1946: 712; January 1947: 48. Government of Palestine A Survey of Palestine: 741.
Tom Bowden“The Politics of the Arab Rebellion in Palestine 1936-39.”Middle Eastern Studies11/2 (1975): 147; Arnon-Ohana Falaḥim ba-mered: 114-40 148.