Focusing on the province of Damascus, this study shows that individuals of the ʿaskarī class were obligated to pay village taxes in proportion to the amount of property they owned, and that it was the village cultivators who had the primary authority for individuating and collecting these taxes. Providing a detailed picture of the relations between the ʿaskarī class and peasant communities before the rise of the a’yān in the eighteenth century, the study explores how peasants sought to enforce their decisions on these powerful individuals and to what extent they were successful in doing so.
BarbirKarl. 1990. All in the Family: The Muradis of Damascus. In IIIrd Congress on the Social and Economic History of Turkey ed. HeathLowry and RalphHattox. Istanbul: The Institute of Turkish Studies and the French Institute of Anatolian Studies: 327-353.
DemirciSüleyman. 2003. Complaints About Avâriz Assessment and Payment in the Avâriz-Tax System: An Aspect of the Relationship between Centre and Periphery. A Case Study of Kayseri, 1618-1700. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient46/4: 437-474.
IslamoğluHuri. 2000. Property as a Contested Domain: A Reevaluation of the Ottoman Land Code of 1858. In New Perspectives on Property and Land in the Middle East ed. RogerOwen. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press: 3-61.
MundyMartha. 2004. The State of Property: Late Ottoman Southern Syria, the Kaza of ‘Ajlun (1875-1918). In Constituting Modernity: Private Property in the East and West ed. HuriIslamoğlu. London: I.B. Tauris: 214-247.
ÖzelOktay. 2000. Avarız and Cizye Records. In Osmanlı Devletiʾnde Bilgi ve Istatistik = Data and Statistics in the Ottoman Empire ed. Halilİnalcık and ŞevketPamuk. Ankara: Devlet İstatistik Enstitüsü: 35-50.
PascualJean-Paul. 1984. The Janissaries and the Damascus Countryside at the Beginning of the Seventeenth Century According to the Archives of the City’s Military Tribunal. In Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East ed.TarifKhalidi. Beirut: American University of Beirut: 357-369.
PetmezasSocrates D.2005. Christian Communities in Eighteenth- and Early Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Greece: Their Fiscal Functions. In Minorities in the Ottoman Empire ed. MollyGreene. Princeton, N.J.: Markus Wiener Publishers: 71-126.
RafeqAbdul-Karim. 1981. Economic Relations between Damascus and the Dependent Countryside, 1743-1771. In The Islamic Middle East 700-1900 Studies in Economic and Social History ed. A.L.Udovitch. Princeton: The Darwin Press: 653-685.
RafeqAbdul-Karim. 1992. City and Countryside in a Traditional Setting: The Case of Damascus in the First Quarter of the Eighteenth Century. In The Syrian Land in the 18th and 19th Century: The Common and the Specific in the Historical Experience ed. ThomasPhilipp. Stuttgart: F. Steiner: 295-332.
Ursinus Michael. 2005. The Çiftlik Sahibleri of Manastır as a Local Elite. In Provincial Elites in the Ottoman Empire: Halcyon Days in Crete V: A Symposium Held in Rethymno 10-12 January 2003 ed. Antonis Anastasopoulos. Rethymno: Crete University Press: 247-57.
UrsinusMichael. 2013. The Transformation of the Ottoman Fiscal Regime. In The Ottoman World ed. ChristineWoodhead. New York: Routledge: 423-435.