The Emergence and Early Demise of Codified Racial Segregation of Prisoners of War under the Geneva Conventions of 1929 and 1949

in Journal of the History of International Law / Revue d'histoire du droit international
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The Emergence and Early Demise of Codified Racial Segregation of Prisoners of War under the Geneva Conventions of 1929 and 1949

in Journal of the History of International Law / Revue d'histoire du droit international

References

4)

See Heather JonesViolence against Prisoners of War in the First World War: Britain France and Germany 1914–1920 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press2011) 105; idem “Un tournant: le typhus dans les camps allemands de prisonniers de guerre en 1915” in Vers la Guerre Totale: Le Tournant de 1914–15 ed. John Horne 221–44 (Paris: Tallandier 2010); Uta Hinz Gefangen im Groβen Krieg: Kriegsgefangenschaft in Deutschland 1914–1921 (Essen: Klartext Verlag 2006) 93–94; Richard B. Speed III Prisoners Diplomats and the Great War: A Study in the Diplomacy of Captivity (New York: Greenwood Press 1990) 65–66.

5)

Neville Wylie“The 1929 Prisoner of War Convention and the Building of the Inter-War Prisoner of War Regime,” in Prisoners in Wared. Sibylle Scheipers (Oxford: Oxford University Press2010) 91103–04. Wylie here focuses on the limited applicability of the agreement not Article 9. The quotation is from p. 91.

8)

DurandFrom Sarajevo to Hiroshima256.

9)

Uta Hinz“Humanität im Krieg? Internationales Rotes Kreuz und Kriegsgefangenhilfe im Ersten Weltkrieg,” in Kriegsgefangene im Europa des Ersten Weltkriegsed. Jochen Oltmer (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh2006) 217.

12)

See Andrew D. Evans“Anthropology at War: Racial Studies of POWs during World War I,” in Worldly Provincialism: German Anthropology in the Age of Empireed. H. Glenn Penny and Matti Bunzl (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press2003) 198–229. See also idem “Capturing Race: Anthropology and Photography in German and Austrian Prisoner-of-War Camps during World War I” in Colonialist Photography: Imag(in)ing Race and Place ed. Eleanor M. Hight and Gary D. Sampson (London and New York: Routledge 2002) 226–56. On the mixing of prisoners of war of different races and nationalities during World War I see Timothy L. Schroer “ ‘Racial’ Mixing of Prisoners of War in the First World War” in Other Combatants Other Fronts: Competing Histories of the First World War ed. James E. Kitchen Alisa Miller and Laura Rowe 177–98 (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing 2011).

20)

Deposition of Rollett 9 January 1918Decimal File 763.72114/3240 Records of the Department of State Relating to World War I and its Termination 1914–29 Microcopy No. 367 (Washington: National Archives and Records Service 1962) [hereafter Microcopy No. 367] Roll 305 Frame 0668–0669 enclosed with Cable from Sharp U.S. Embassy in Paris to the Secretary of State 10 January 1918 Decimal File 763.72114/3240 Microcopy No. 367 Roll 305 Frame 0667; Sharp U.S. Embassy in Paris to Secretary of State 10 January 1918 Decimal File 763.72114/3166 Microcopy No. 367 Roll 305 Frame 0365–0366; Statement of the Competent Authorities [English translation] 8 April 1918 2 with Ausserung der zuständigen Behörde vom 8.April 1918 3 in File 619.2 Germany American Prisoners in Treatment of Oct. 1918 – May 1919 Central Files 1881–1982 Decimal File 619.2 POWs – Geneva Treaty 1910–1929 RG 200 Records of the American National Red Cross NACP.

25)

George G. Phillimore“Some Suggestions for a Draft Code for the Treatment of Prisoners of War,” Transactions of the Grotius Society 6 Problems of Peace and War (1920): 27.

38)

C.I.D. Paper 807-B November 3 1927to be read in conjunction with C.I.D. Paper No. 648-B TNA: PRO CAB 16/64/807-B; the quotation appears at p. 3.

40)

Robert CecilA Great Experiment: An Autobiography by Viscount Cecil (New York: Oxford University Press1941) 80.

45)

Harold Nicolson to Rumbold 9 July 1929Bodleian Library Rumbold Papers MSS Rumbold Dep. 37 fol. 25.

50)

Report of Sir H. Rumbold 31 July 1929TNA: PRO FO 372/2550/T9201.

52)

Report of Sir. H. Rumbold 31 July 1929TNA: PRO FO 372/2550/T9201.

56)

ICRCReport on the Work of the Conference of Government Experts for the Study of the Conventions for the Protection of War Victims Geneva April 14–26 1947 (Geneva: ICRC1947) 1–4 102.

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