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Arnulf Becker Lorca‘Universal International Law: Nineteenth-Century Histories of Imposition and Appropriation’Harvard International Law Journal 51 (2010) 476–552.
J.C. Hurewitz‘Ottoman Diplomacy and the European State System’Middle East Journal 15 (1961) 141–152145.
Berdal Aral‘The Law of Nations as Conceived by the Ottoman Empire after the 16th Century’ Bilim Yolu 2 (1999) 277–286286.
Virginia H. Aksan‘Ottoman Political Writing, 1768–1808’International Journal of Middle East Studies 25 (1993) 53–6967.
Kahraman Şakul‘Ottoman Attempts to Control the Adriatic Frontier in the Napoleonic Wars’Proceedings of the British Academy 156 (2009) 253–270255–256.
Alexander Orakhelashvili‘The Idea of European International Law’European Journal of International Law 17 (2006) 315–347337.
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