L’institutionnalisation du droit international comme phénomène transnational (1869–1873). Les réseaux européens de Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns

in Journal of the History of International Law / Revue d'histoire du droit international
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This article deals with a phenomenon which appears in a particular context: the institutionalisation of international law between 1869 (creation of the Revue de droit international et de législation comparée) and 1873 (birth of the Institut de Droit International), through the international networks of the Belgian lawyer Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns. He was close to Pasquale Mancini, John Westlake, James Lorimer, Franz Von Holtzendorff, but also to the least-known Michael Corr-Van der Maeren, a publicist. Until this period of crystallisation this field was not structured and represented an aggregate of individualities. What can we say about such a process of institutionalisation on the basis of unpublished archives? The history of international law, until today, especially studied by lawyers, was very neglected by historians, whose methods and sources are complementary to those of the lawyer. Our contribution wishes to contribute to the development of a history of international law written by historians.

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References

2

Jean-Michel Guieu/Dzovinar Kevonian, ‘Introduction’, Relations internationales, 149/1 (2012), 3.

6

Vincent Genin, ‘La Belgique dans la hiérarchie internationale. La contribution belge au droit international (1870–1930) : vécu et mémoire des juristes belges au contact du premier conflit mondial’, Bulletin de l’Association belge d’histoire contemporaine, 37/1 (2015), 12–16.

8

Maurice Hauriou, ‘La théorie de l’institution et de la fondation’, La Cité moderne et les transformations du droit. Les Cahiers de la nouvelle journée, 4 (1925), 31.

9

Pierre-Yves Saunier, ‘Circulations, connexions et espaces transnationaux’, Genèses, 57 (2004), 117–119.

13

Armand Fréson, ‘Hippolyte Rolin’, Biographie Nationale, 19 (1907), col. 825–828.

17

Ernest Nys, ‘Souvenirs’, Revue de l’Université de Bruxelles, 8–9 (1921), 595. Dont Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns, initié à l’Orient de Gand, au sein de la loge Liberté (Daniel Ligou (ed.), Dictionnaire de la Franc-maçonnerie (Paris: puf 1987), 1037).

18

Robert Kolb, ‘Mondialisation et droit international’, Relations internationales, 123/3, (2005), 69–86 ; Betsy Baker-Röben, Johann Caspar Bluntschli, Francis Lieber und das moderne Völkerrecht 1861–1881 (Baden-Baden: Nomos Press 2003).

23

Ernest Nys, ‘Souvenirs (suite)’, Revue de l’Université de Bruxelles, 10 (1921), p. 693.

30

Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns, ‘Du rôle et de la mission des nations neutres ou secondaires dans le développement du droit international’, Bulletin de l’Académie royale de Belgique, 39 (1875), 5.

31

Ibid., 16.

39

Ibid., 25 octobre 1868.

41

Ibid., 29 novembre 1868.

42

Vladimir Ronin, ‘Les Flamands et les Wallons aux yeux des Russes (1815–1894)’, Revue belge de Philologie et d’Histoire, 70/4 (1992), 946.

64

Ibid., 16 août 1873.

76

Wilhelm G. Grewe, ‘The role of international law in diplomatic practice’, Journal of the History of International Law, 1 (1999), 22–37.

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