The rich sīra literature relating to the careers of imāms is a genre characteristic for the Zaydī communities in Yemen and in Iran. These documents were composed by close companions, secretaries or other personnel in their vicinity, often inspired in structure and terminology by the sīra of the Prophet Muḥammad. Their primary function was to legitimize the imāms, and describing their merits therefore formed an important element of such documents. The sīra of the Imām al-Mahdī li-Dīn Allāh Abū Ṭayr Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn (d. 656/1258) was composed by Sharaf al-Dīn Yaḥyā b. al-Qāsim al-Ḥamzī (d. 677/1278-9). The primary significance of the section of the sīra that is devoted to Aḥmad b. al-Ḥusayn’s formation, which is edited and analysed in the article, is that it provides a detailed picture of the intellectual scene in Yemen during the 7th/13th century and informs us about the characteristics of the formation of scholars during this period. Moreover, the document informs us about the works that were part of the transfer of knowledge from Iran to Yemen that began with the unification of the Caspian Zaydiyya and the Zaydīs in Yemen during the imamate of Abū Ṭālib al-akhīr (d. 520/1126) and gradually increased throughout the 6th/12th century until the death of the Imām al-Manṣūr bi-llāh in 614/1217.
al-BuṭḥānīAbū Ṭālib Yaḥyā b. al-Ḥusayn b. Hārūn, Ibrāhīm b. Majd al-Dīn b. Muḥammad al-Muʾayyadī and Hādī b. Ḥasan b. Hādī al-Ḥamazī(eds), al-Ifāda fī tārīkh al-aʾimma al-sāda, (Markaz Ahl al-Bayt li-l-dirāsāt al-islāmiyya, Ṣaʿda1422/2001).
Akhbār Fakhkh wa-Khabar Yaḥyā b. ʿAbd Allāh by Ahmad b. Sahl al-Rāzī (d. first quarter of the 4th/10th century). A study on the early Zaydites their rebellions under the ʿAbbāsids and their spread in Yemen North East Persia and in North Africa up to the end of the 2nd/8th century, (Dār al-Gharb al-islāmī, Beirut1995) With a critical edition by Maher Jarrar based on 3 manuscripts.
AnsariHassanSchmidtkeSabine, '“Muʿtazilism after ʿAbd al-Jabbār: Abū Rashīd al-Nīsābūrī’s Kitāb Masāʾil al-khilāf fī l-uṣūl (Studies on the transmission of knowledge from Iran to Yemen in the 6th/12th and 7th/13th c. I),”' (2010) 39Studia Iranica: 227-78.
GüntherSebastian, '“al-Nawfalī’s Lost History: The Issue of a Ninth-Century Shiʿite Source Used by Al-Ṭabarī and Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī,”', in British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, (2009) 241-66.
GüntherSebastian, '“. . . nor have I learned it from any book of theirs. Abū l-Faraj al-Iṣfahānī: A Medieval Arabic Author at Work,”', in Rainer Brunner(ed), Islamstudien ohne Ende. Festschrift für den Islamwissenschaftler Werner Ende, (Ergon, Würzburg2002) 139-53.
al-Jurmūzīal-Muṭahhar b. Muḥammad, Amat al-Malik Ismāʿīl Qāsim al-Thawr(ed), Bināʾ al-dawla al-Qāsimiyya fī l-Yaman fī ʿahd al-Muʾayyad Muḥammad b. al-Qāsim 990-1054 H 1582-1644 M. Maʿa taḥqīq makhṭūṭat al-Jawhara al-munīra fī jumal min ʿuyūn al-sīra, (IZbACF, Ṣanʿāʾ2008).
'“al-Hamdānī’s description of Northern Yemen in the light of chronicles of the 4th/10th and 5th/11th centuries,”', in Wilferd Madelung and Yusuf Mohammad Abdallah(eds), Al-Hamdānī a great Yemeni scholar. Studies on the Occasion of his Millennial Anniversary, (Ṣanʿāʾ ) 129-37[n.d.][repr. in idem Religious and Ethnic Movements Part X].
'“Imam al-Qāsim ibn Ibrāhīm and Muʿtazilism,”', in Wilferd Madelung, U. Ehrensvärd and C. Toll(eds), On both sides of al-Mandab. Ethiopian South-Arabic and Islamic studies presented to Oscar Löfgren, (Svenska Forskningsinstitutet i Istanbul, Stockholm1989) 39-47.
'“Land Ownership and Land Tax in Northern Yemen and Najrān: 3rd-4th/9th-10th Century,”', in Wilferd Madelung and Tarif Khalidi(eds), Land Tenure and Social Transformation in the Middle East, (Beirut1981) 189-207[repr. in idem Religious and Ethnic Movements Part XI].
'“The Sīrat al-Amīrayn al-Ajallayn al-Sharīfayn al-Fāḍilayn al-Qāsim wa-Muḥammad ibnay Jaʿfar ibn al-Imām al-Qāsim b. ʿAlī al-ʿIyānī as a historical source,”', in Wilferd Madelung(ed), Studies in the History of Arabia I: Sources for the History of Arabia part 2. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Studies in the History of Arabia, (Riyad1977) 69-871979[repr. in idem Religious and Ethnic Movements Part XII].
MouradSuleiman, '“The Revealed Text and the Intended Subtext: Notes on the Hermeneutics of the Qurʾān in Muʿtazila Discourse as Reflected in the Tahdhīb of al-Ḥākim al-Jishumī (d. 494/1101),”', in Felicitas Opwis and David Reisman(eds), In the Shadow of the Pyramids: Festschrift in Honor of Dimitri Gutas on His 65th Birthday, (Brill, Leiden ) [in press].
al-ShamahiAbdulla, Al-Imam al-Manṣūr ʿAbdullah b. Ḥamzah b. Sulayman (d. 614/1217). A biography by his disciple Al-Faqīh Ḥumayd b. Aḥmad al-Muḥallī (d. 65211254) in his work al-Ḥadāʿiq al-Wardiyyah fī Manāqib Aʾimmah al-Zaydiyyah. A Critical Edition, (Diss Glasgow, 2003).
Cf. GAL vol. 1 p. 397# 9i; GALS vol. 1 p. 560 # 9.
For this work see Jarrar“Some Lights on an Early Zaydite Manuscript” pp. 279-97. M. Jarrar has published an edition of the work as Akhbār Fakhkh wa-Khabar Yaḥyā b. ʿAbd Allāh by Ahmad b. Sahl al-Rāzī (d. first quarter of the 4th/10th century). Beirut 1995. See also his “Arbaʿ rasāʾil Zaydiyya mubakkira” pp. 267-304. On the approximate dates of life of Aḥmad b. Sahl al-Rāzī see Modarressi Maktab p. 262 n.