The reopening of the Islamic Art section of the Louvre Museum in Paris in 2012 was the perfect occasion for a thorough conservation project of the collections. Thirty Islamic bindings were the object of that conservation work. The present article touches upon the general principles of conservation and treats the application of these on the Islamic bindings in the collections, and more in particular for the purpose intended: display in a museum. During the conservation process, three main goals were always kept in mind: the integrity of the object had to be respected, the structure had to be returned to its original shape, and the losses had to be reintegrated aesthetically. That reintegration was also a predominant requirement for museum display. Finally, some after-treatment strategies are discussed. A number of illustrations add a visual dimension to the theoretical treatment of the subject.