This article focuses on the manuscript collection currently located in the Riyadha Mosque in Lamu, Kenya. From its foundation in the late nineteenth century, the Riyadha has had a close connection to the Ḥaḍramī-ʿAlawī scholarly network of the Indian Ocean, through family and intellectual links. The article investigates the impact of the ʿAlawī devotional, Sufi and genealogical traditions, as reflected in the manuscript collection of the Riyadha.
Ali Mohamed Toibibou, Ahmad Qamardine (1895–1974). Un intellectuel Comorien et ses réseaux, PhD Thesis, University of Paris Diderot, 2010, pp. 53–54and passim; A.K. Bang, Sufis and Scholars, pp. 50–51, and ʿAbd al-Raḥmān b. Muḥammad b. Ḥusayn al-Mašhūr, Šams al-ẓahīra fī nasab ahl al-bayt min banī ʿAlawī. Furūʿ Fāṭima al-Zahrāʾ wa-Amīr al-Muʾminīn ʿAlī, ed. by Muḥammad Ḍiyāʾ Šihāb, Jiddah, ʿĀlam al-maʿrifa, 1984, 2 vols., [2nd ed.], pp. 485–498. This Abū al-Ḥasan is also known as Abū al-Ḥasan al-Kabīr, not to be confused with Abū al-Ḥasan b. Aḥmad Ǧamāl al-Layl (1888–1959) who was a poet and “daʿwa activist” born in Madagascar and whose carreer was spent in Zanzibar. See A.K. Bang, Sufi Networks.
Reinhard Schulze, “The birth of tradition and modernity in eighteenth and nineteenth century Islamic culture: the case of printing,” in Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen (ed.), “The introduction of the printing press in the Middle East,”Culture and History, 16 (1997), pp. 29–72.