Writing More and Less ‘Jewishly’ in Judezmo and Yiddish

In: Journal of Jewish Languages

Abstract

Max Weinreich used the term yídishlekh to describe the traditional, ‘Jewishly patterned’ style of writing in Yiddish. Weinreich illustrated this style by comparing Mendele Moykher Sforim’s ‘Jewishly-styled’ 1884 Yiddish translation of Leo Pinsker’s Autoemanzipation (Berlin 1882) with the original German-language text. The present article demonstrates that in Judezmo as well as Yiddish, writers have consciously used ‘Jewish styling,’ and its converse, in the diverse literary genres they cultivated from the Middle Ages into the early twentieth century. However, as a result of somewhat divergent social, political, and ideological trends in the Judezmo as opposed to Yiddish speech communities later in the twentieth century, Yiddish writers today prefer to incorporate features of ‘Jewish styling’ in their writing, while Judezmo writers tend to reject them.

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    See for example Weinreich 1938.

  • 21)

    On the work see Orlinsky 1941.

  • 24)

    Antebi 2006:12–13.

  • 28)

    Cf. Bunis 1999b:176. Malsinar also appears in the pre-Expulsion Biblia ladinada (I-i-3) (Lazar 1995c f. 449RB).

  • 30)

    Cf. Bunis 1999b:171–172.

  • 33)

    The work was reprinted in Venice 1707.

  • 35)

    For references see Bunis 2011a.

  • 38)

    After González Llubera 1947:105.

  • 42)

    After Frakes 2004:339. The Hebrew text reads: ואל תרבה שיחה עם האישה—באשתו אמרו קל וחומר באשת חברו; מכאן אמרו חכמים: כל המרבה שיחה עם האישה—גורם רעה לעצמו ובטיל מדברי תורה וסופו יירש גיהינם.

  • 43)

    See for example Modena Mayer 1978.

  • 44)

    Adapted from Baumgarten 1993:226.

  • 45)

    Adapted from Baumgarten 1993:227.

  • 46)

    Adapted from Romero 1988:141–146.

  • 47)

    After Frakes 2004:836.

  • 48)

    After Frakes 2004:771.

  • 54)

    This periodical was founded in Paris in 1840.

  • 63)

    For examples see Romero 1979Bunis 1999c Papo 2007 Sánchez 2010.

  • 77)

    See Bunis 2011b:64–72.

  • 79)

    [Nehama] c. 1910:3.

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