Gersonides’ Theory of Miracles

Determinism and Choice

in The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy
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The role of choice in Gersonides’ theory of miracles, as presented in the Wars of the Lord, is discussed. The theory of miracles in Wars vi.2.10 is shown to be another link in his reconciliation of determinism with choice. After a brief review of his ideas about choice, his astral determinism is elucidated. The third part of the essay reviews his treatment of how miracles occur. Gersonides is shown to have established a “conditional miraculous determinism”; his concern for choice is the key to this solution.




See, for example, Klein-Braslavy, “Determinism, Contingency, Free Choice, and Foreknowledge in Gersonides,” 221.


See in particular Sara Klein-Braslavy, “Gersonides on the Mode of Communicating Knowledge of the Future to the Dreamer and Clairvoyant,” in “Without any Doubt,” 299–300, 306, 314, 323.


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