Eschatological expectations and messianic hopes aroused by the expulsion of Jews from Spain climaxed in the seventeenth century with the appearance of Sabbatai Tzevi. In 1666, Sultan Mehmed iv, eager to halt the uproar without creating a martyr, offered Tzevi a choice between conversion to Islam and death. Tzevi chose life. Although many Jews were devastated by his apostasy, a nucleus of Sabbatai’s most ardent followers preferred to interpret it as the ultimate tiqqun. This article presents one of the most intriguing Sabbatian literary accounts of their Messiah’s apostasy, the internal Sabbatian version of the romansa “Tarquin and Lucretia.”
See Paul B. Fenton, “A New Collection of Sabbatian Hymns,” in The Sabbatian Movement and Its Aftermath: Messianism, Sabbatianism, and Frankism, ed. Rachel Elior (Jerusalem: Institute of Jewish Studies, 2001), 329–351.
Quoted in Cengiz Sisman, “Konvenyamos kon vedrad: Language of Daily Lives, Communal Regulations and Liturgies of the Ottoman and Turkish Sabbateans (Dönmes),” in Judeo-Spanish in the Time of Clamoring Nationalisms, ed. Mahir Şaul (Istanbul: Libra Kitap, 2013), 76.
Zófimo Consiglieri Pedroso, “O rei Traquilha,”Revista Lusitana3 (1895): 370–371. Reedited in Contribuições para uma mitologia popular portuguesa e outros escritos etnográficos (Lisbon: Publicações Dom Quixote, 1988), 373–385.