Judaism’s Christianity

Cohen and Rosenzweig on the Relationship between Judaism and Christianity

in The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy
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In Book iii of The Star of Redemption, Franz Rosenzweig contrasts Judaism and Christianity: Judaism consists in the eternal passage of a people from creation to revelation; it suspends the divide between God’s presence and his worldly manifestation. For Rosenzweig, being Jewish means to be with God in the world. Christianity, however, defers salvation. While Judaism is with God in the world, Christianity retreats from God and the world. Christianity therefore has no “immediacy.” How can both Judaism and Christianity then live in immediacy with God in the world? Seeking to overcome Rosenzweig’s dichotomy, I endeavor to think an immediate relationship with God in the world by turning to one of Rosenzweig’s “biggest names”: Hermann Cohen. Following Cohen, I take it that Judeo-Christian continuity begins before both religions. I wish to explore the passage from the origin to the prophetic that constitutes the idea of a “pure monotheism” in Cohen’s philosophy.

Judaism’s Christianity

Cohen and Rosenzweig on the Relationship between Judaism and Christianity

in The Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy

Sections

References

2

Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy ed.Judaism Despite Christianity: The 1916 Wartime Correspondence between Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy and Franz Rosenzweig (Chicago: University of Chicago Press2011) 115 113.

3

The correspondence began on May 29 1916and was probably suspended in December of the same year. See Rosenstock-Huessy Judaism Despite Christianity 77 164. For information on Rosenzweig’s military service see Harold Stahmer’s preface to Rosenstock-Huessy Judaism Despite Christianity 49 113. According to Paul Mendes Flohr “Beginning somewhat hesitantly their correspondence soon gained a polemical intensity that broke the regnant code of Jewish-Christian relations.” Foreword to Rosenstock-Huessy Judaism Despite Christianity ix 131.

4

Rosenstock-HuessyJudaism Despite Christianity113.

6

Ibid.57.

7

Ibid.113104. Emphasis in the original. The term “preparer-of-the-way” on p. 113 was coined by Eugen Rosenstock.

8

Ibid.61.

15

RosenzweigStar of Redemption131.

16

Ibid.24133.

21

Ibid.386.

24

Ibid.87. “Ich erwarte von Christen gar nicht dass sie etwas anderes sind als—Christen.”

25

Rosenzweig“Gritli”-Briefe387.

29

Rosenzweig“Gritli”-Briefe388.

31

RosenzweigStar of Redemption306; idem Der Stern der Erlösung (Frankfurt a. M.: Suhrkamp Verlag 1988) 320; idem New Thinking 129.

34

Ibid.493. Emphasis in the original.

37

RosenzweigStern der Erlösung114.

38

RosenzweigStar of Redemption167 118; idem Der Stern der Erlösung 114.

39

RosenzweigStar of Redemption113 111 186.

40

Ibid.110295.

41

Ibid.111.

42

Ibid.113.

43

Friedrich SchleiermacherKritische Gesamtausgabe: Schriften und Entwürfe Band I (Berlin: De Gruyter1983) 284.

45

HegelLectures on the Philosophy of Religion163 164 173 195. For a more elaborate reading of the relationship between Christianity and its realization in Hegel’s Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion see Kevin Hart Kingdoms of God (Bloomington: Indiana University Press 2014) 57–69.

46

HegelLectures on the Philosophy of Religion195.

47

Ibid.323. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling Urfassung der Philosophie der Offenbarung (Hamburg: Felix Meiner 1992) 672–681. See also Gérard Bensussan Franz Rosenzweig: Existence et philosophie (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France 2000) 97; Bernhard Casper Das dialogische Denken: Franz Rosenzweig Ferdinand Ebner Martin Buber (Freiburg: Albers Verlag 2002) 157; Kevin Hart “From the Star to the Disaster” Paragraph 30 no. 3 (2007): 84–103 at 90–91.

49

RosenzweigStar of Redemption437 388 301 295; idem Stern der Erlösung 313.

50

RosenzweigStar of Redemption295.

51

Ibid.437380.

52

Ibid.380.

54

RosenzweigStar of Redemption359; idem Stern der Erlösung 375.

55

RosenzweigStar of Redemption348.

56

Ibid.363.

57

Ibid. 363 360; RosenzweigDer Stern der Erlösung320 379.

58

RosenzweigStar of Redemption306; idem Stern der Erlösung 269.

59

RosenzweigStar of Redemption199.

61

RosenzweigStern der Erlösung368.

62

Ibid.379.

63

RosenzweigStar of Redemption360; Rosenzweig Stern der Erlösung 377.

64

RosenzweigStar of Redemption364.

65

Ibid. 364. RosenzweigStern der Erlösung380.

66

RosenzweigStar of Redemption363; idem Stern der Erlösung 380.

67

RosenzweigStar of Redemption364; idem Stern der Erlösung 361.

68

RosenzweigStar of Redemption364; idem Stern der Erlösung 380.

69

RosenzweigStar of Redemption426; idem Stern der Erlösung 384.

70

RosenzweigStar of Redemption325.

71

Ibid.336.

72

Ibid.325.

73

Ibid.318335.

74

Ibid.330317.

75

Ibid.335.

76

Ibid.198.

83

Myriam BienenstockCohen face à Rosenzweig: Débat sur la pensée allemande (Paris: Vrin2009) 172.

85

Emmanuel LevinasTotality and Infinity (Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers1991) 28.

86

RosenzweigGesammelte Schriften I. Briefe und Tagebücher1:516.

89

For example Cohen Jüdische Schriften1:276 133.

92

CohenReligion of Reason123; idem Religion der Vernunft aus den Quellen des Judentums: Eine jüdische Religionsphilosophie (1929; repr. Wiesbaden: Marix 2008) 486 288 379; idem Jüdische Schriften 3:84. Michael Zank indicates that Cohen borrows terms such as “reconciliation” (Versöhnung) from “Christian soteriology” yet without drawing conclusions about Cohen’s attachment to Christianity. See Michael Zank The Idea of Atonement in the Philosophy of Hermann Cohen (Providence ri: Brown Judaic Studies 2000) 20. For a distinctly Judeo-Kantian interpretation of Cohen’s “holy spirit” see Hartwig Wiedebach “Der heilige Geist bei Hermann Cohen” in Religion aus den Quellen der Vernunft: Hermann Cohen und das evangelische Christentum ed. Hans Martin Dober and Mathias Morgenstern (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck 2012) 28–38.

93

CohenEthik des reinen Willens8 35.

94

CohenBegriff der Religion101.

95

CohenReligion of Reason103; idem Religion der Vernunft 143 (par. 6).

97

RosenzweigStern der Erlösung177; Cohen Ethik des reinen Willens 344.

98

CohenBegriff der Religion248 37.

99

Ibid.122.

100

Ibid.106.

101

Ibid.103; Cohen Religion der Vernunft 143 (par. 6).

102

ZankThe Idea of Atonement208.

104

CohenJüdische Schriften1:xviii.

110

Immanuel KantPolitical Writings (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press2003) 42; Cohen Ethik des reinen Willens 45; idem Logik der reinen Erkenntnis 469.

111

CohenJüdische Schriften3:182.

114

Ibid.; CohenDer Begriff der Religion im System der Philosophie54.

115

Ibid.; CohenReligion der Vernunft253.

116

Ibid.54125.

117

Ibid. 125–126; CohenJüdische Schriften1:127.

118

CohenDer Begriff der Religion im System der Philosophie104 105 80. Dieter Adelmann already remarked on the connection between the terms “new heart” “new way” and “inwardness” in Cohen’s writings in his groundbreaking dissertation from 1968. Nevertheless Adelmann concentrates first and foremost on the implication of these notions for Cohen’s philosophical system. Dieter Adelmann Einheit des Bewusstseins als Grundproblem der Philosophie Hermann Cohens: Vorbereitende Untersuchung für eine historisch-verifizierende Konfrontation der Fundamentalontologie Martin Heideggers mit Hermann Cohens “System der Philosophie” (Potsdam: Universitätsverlag Potsdam 2012) 116–117 http://opus.kobv.de/ubp/volltexte/2012/5849/pdf/adelmann_diss.pdf (accessed January 10 2015).

119

CohenDer Begriff der Religion im System der Philosophie105.

123

Ibid.4648. Emphasis in the original.

124

Ibid.48.

125

Ibid.65.

131

For more on this see Thomas MeyerZwischen Philosophie und Gesetz: Jüdische Philosophie und Theologie 1933 bis 1938 (Leiden: Brill2009) 91.

132

Eggert Winter“Ethik als Lehre vom Menschen,” in Hermann Cohen: Auslegungened. Helmut Holzhey (Frankfurt a. M.: Peter Lang1994) 323.

133

Cohen Jüdische Schriften3:84 188 191–196.

143

Jakob KlatzkinHermann Cohen (Berlin: Jüdische Verlag1919) 12.

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