This article takes as its point of departure Thaden’s claim that the paradigm shift from historicism to historical sociology in Russian historiography at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth century was an abortive one. It demonstrates that Nikolai Aleksandrovich Rozhkov (1868-1927) not only created the first post-Kliuchevskian historical sociology but that he did so using a Comtean nomothetic approach to social evolution. This is the first time that the theoretical underpinnings of Rozhkov’s interpretation of history as encapsulated in his laws of social statics have been explored in any detail. This article draws the conclusion that the positivist tradition created opportunities for cross-fertilization with other major currents of thought, including Marxism, and sheds new light on this relationship.
See: A.S. PopovV.O. Kliuchevskii i ego “shkola”: sintez istorii i sotsiologii (Moscow: MPU “Signal’”2001); N.V. Grishina “Shkola V.O. Kliuchevskogo” v istoricheskoi nauke i rossiiskoi kul’ture (Cheliabinsk: Entsiklopediia 2010); S.N. Pogodin “Sotsiologicheskii metod V.O. Kliuchevskogo” Zhurnal sotsiologii i sotsial’noi antropologii 1 (2004): 40-49; and S.I. Tkhorzhevskii “V.O. Kliuchevskii kak sotsiolog i politicheskii myslitel’” Dela i dni 2 (1921): 152-79.
R.F. ByrnesV.O. Kliuchevskii Historian of Russia (Bloomington: Indiana University Press1995): 153. See also: Terence Emmons “Kliuchevskii’s Pupils” in T. Sanders (Ed.) Historiography of Imperial Russia: The Profession and Writing of History in a Multinational State (Armonk New York: M. E. Sharpe 1999): 125-126.
RozhkovOsnovnye zakony9. See also: J.S. Mill A System of Logic Ratiocinative and Inductive: Being a Connected View of the Principles of Evidence and the Methods of Scientific Investigation (London: Longmans Green and Co. 1956): 598.