Rethinking the Power of Soviets: Krasnoiarsk, March–October 1917

in Journal of Modern Russian History and Historiography
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This article examines the basis of power of the Krasnoiarsk Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies in 1917. It challenges the still-commonplace ‘dual power’ paradigm, using Krasnoiarsk as an example to counter the contention that soviets seized outright power in particular localities. As the Krasnoiarsk Soviet became active in state affairs, it increasingly engaged other local organisations in the processes of power. The article draws on previously unexamined archival materials from Krasnoiarsk, including administrative records of the Soviet and other local organisations involved in delivering state functions.

Rethinking the Power of Soviets: Krasnoiarsk, March–October 1917

in Journal of Modern Russian History and Historiography

Sections

References

5

AnweilerThe Soviets134.

6

GetzlerKronstadtviii.

9

William G. Rosenberg‘Social Mediation and State Construction(s) in Revolution Russia’Social History 19 2 (May 1994): 169–88 here 171–72.

11

Badcock‘Structures and Practices of Power’379.

14

V. Ia. Gurevich‘Fevral’skaia revoliutsiia v Krasnoiarske’Vol’naia Sibir’ 2 (1927): 112–32here 113.

19

Gurevich‘Fevral’skaia revoliutiisa’121.

23

Gurevich‘Fevral’skaia revoliutsiia’120–21.

39

Raleigh‘Political Power in the Russian Revolution’39–43; A. M. Andreev Mestnye Sovety i organy burzhuaznoi vlasti (1917 g.) (Moscow 1983) 108–26.

44

SnowBolsheviks in Siberia138; V. P. Safronov Oktiabr’ v Sibiri: bol’sheviki Sibiri v bor’be za pobedu Velikoi Oktiabr’skoi sotsialisticheskoi revoliutsii (Krasnoiarsk 1962) 196–201.

45

Raleigh‘Political Power’40.

46

BadcockPolitics and the People23.

49

Tatiana Anatolievna Kattsina‘The “Vast Process of Social Construction” in Siberia during World War I (1914–1918)’Terra Sebus: Akta musei Sabasiensis. Special Issue (2014) 245–58. The municipal Committee for Refugee Relief rapidly expanded taking on a large body of professional staff and volunteers before being shut down in autumn 1916 by guberniia authorities. Its functions thereafter passed to centrally-administered national refugee committees: ibid 249–253.

53

Duma minutes 8 March 1917: gakk fond 173 opis’ 1 delo 2410a l. 27.

56

Duma minutes 30 March 1917: gakk fond 174 opis’ 1 delo 2416 l. 7.

63

Duma minutes 1 August 1917: gakk fond 173 opis 1 delo 2417 ll. 31 43.

64

William G. Rosenberg‘The Russian Municipal Duma Elections of 1917: A Preliminary Computation of Returns’Soviet Studies 21 2 (1969): 131–63 esp. 144.

65

Badcock‘Structures and Practices of Power’366–67.

66

SafronovOktiabr’ v Sibiri216. More recent accounts of Duma elections in Siberia have likewise adopted this approach: M. V. Shilovskii Politicheskie protsessy v Sibiri v period sotsial’nykh kataklizmov 1917–1920 gg. (Novosibirsk 2003) 69–70. For a similar view on municipal elections from a Western historian see Timothy J. Colton Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis (Cambridge Mass. 1998) 80.

67

Frumkin‘Fevral’-oktiabr’149.

79

Duma minutes 1 August 1917: gakk fond 173 opis’ 1 delo 2417 ll. 25–32.

82

Duma minutes 25 September 1917: Svobodnaia Sibir’ 141 (29 September 1917) 3.

89

GetzlerKronstadt32. Raleigh Revolution on the Volga 96.

95

Duma minutes 5 March 1917: gakk fond 173 opis 1 delo 2410a ll. 24–25.

Figures

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    Election Results to the Krasnoiarsk Duma, 2 July 1917.

  • View in gallery

    The supply and distribution of provisions through ration cards.

  • View in gallery

    Crossover of personnel between provisions organisations.

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