Learning Possession Trance and Evaluating Oracles’ Truthfulness in Jinè Cults of Bèlèdugu (Mali)

in Journal of Cognition and Culture
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

In Mali, during the 1980s Islamization of Bèlèdugu, the local dismantling of secret societies has been followed by an increase of spirit possession cults (jinèton). Their expansion was made possible by their therapeutic success and by their ability to use their initiatory worship apparatus to convert novice “possessees” to a form of relationship with the jinn that was experienced and understood according to the “possession trance” and “executive possession” models. This text describes and analyses how afflicted villagers acquired the singular ability to experience the relinquishing of their own agency and the concomitant take-over of their body by this kind of invisible agent. It argues that these learning processes rely on the prior existence of a type of declarative and procedural religious knowledge regarding other ritualised forms of possession practised in the region. Moreover, it claims that these learning processes consist in the double triggering of an intuitive mind-body dualism and of neurocognitive modules connected to the Theory of Mind.

Learning Possession Trance and Evaluating Oracles’ Truthfulness in Jinè Cults of Bèlèdugu (Mali)

in Journal of Cognition and Culture

Sections

References

BatesonG. Some components of socialization for trance Ethos 1975 3 143 155

BergerL. La centralisation d’un culte périphérique. Islam, possession et sociétés d’initiation au Bèlèdugu (Mali) Politique Africaine 2010 118 143 164

BergerL.KellerB. Jinèbana. La possession au quotidien 1996 Paris Langues’O-EN Sup postproduction 52 min (awarded at the Nuoro 8th International Film Festival (14-19 October 1996) broadcast on TV in 1996 1997 and 1999 (Planète Câble and Forum Planète))

BerlinerD.SarroR. Learning Religion: Anthropological Approaches 2007 London Berghahn Books

BlochM. Essays on Cultural Transmission 2004 London Berg Publishers

BloomP. Descartes’ Baby: How the Science of Child Development Explains What makes us Human 2004 New York, NY Basic Books

BourguignonE. Possession 1976 San Francisco, CA. Chandler and Sharp

BoyerP. Religion Explained 2001 New York, NY Basic Books

CohenE. What is spirit possession? defining, comparing and explaining two possession forms Ethnos 2008 73 101 126

ColleynJ.-P. L’alliance, le dieu, l’objet L’Homme 2004 170 161 178

GellA. The Gods at Play: Vertigo and Possession in Muria Religion Man 1980 15 219 249

GibbalJ.-M. Tambours d’eau. Journal et enquête sur un culte de possession au Mali occidental 1982 Paris Le Sycomore

HousemanM.SeveriC. Naven ou le donner à voir. Essai d’interprétation de l’action rituelle 2009 Paris MSH and CNRS Editions

LeirisM. La possession et ses aspects théâtraux chez les Ethiopiens de Gondar 1958 Paris Plon

LeslieA. HirschfeldL.GelmanS. ToMM, ToBy and Agency: core architecture and domain-specificity Mapping the Mind. Domain Specificity in Cognition and Culture 1994 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 119 148

LewisI. Ecstatic Religion: A Study of Shamanism and Spirit Possession 1971 London Routledge

MaryA. Visionnaires et prophètes de l’Afrique contemporaine 2009 Paris Karthala

RougetG. La musique et la transe 1990 Paris Gallimard

ScottJ. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts 1992 New Haven, CT. Yale University Press

SperberD. Explaining Culture: A Naturalistic Approach 1996 London Blackwell

VidalD. Anthropomorphism or Sub-anthropomorphism? An Anthropological Approach to Gods and Robots The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 2007 13 917 933

ZempléniA. CartryM. Des êtres sacrificiels Sous le masque de l’animal Essai sur le sacrifice en Afrique noire 1987 Paris Puf 267 317

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 19 19 8
Full Text Views 30 30 22
PDF Downloads 4 4 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0