Camouflaging Truth: A Biological, Argumentative and Epistemological Outlook from Biological to Linguistic Camouflage

in Journal of Cognition and Culture
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Abstract

Camouflage commonly refers to the ability to make something appear as different from what it actually is, or not to make it appear at all. This concept originates from biological studies to describe a range of strategies used by organisms to dissimulate their presence in the environment, but it is frequently borrowed by other semantic fields as it is possible to camouflage one’s position, intentions, opinion etc.: an interesting conceptual continuum between the multiple denotations of camouflage seems to emerge from the multiple homologies. Following this outlook, the first part of this paper aims at sketching out the main forms of camouflage as understood within their biological framework, insisting on the inferential dynamics underdetermined and allowing camouflage, making use of the concept of abduction as received from the Peircean heritage. The second part explores some of the most relevant occurrences of camouflage in dialectical and rhetorical perspectives. The third section aims at drawing the sums of the comparison between linguistic and biological camouflage, showing how strategies aimed at debunking verbal camouflage correspond to their respective countermeasures in biologically-intended camouflage.

Camouflaging Truth: A Biological, Argumentative and Epistemological Outlook from Biological to Linguistic Camouflage

in Journal of Cognition and Culture

Sections

References

BardoneE. Seeking Chances: From Biased Rationality to Distributed Cognition 2011 Springer, Berlin

BardoneE.MagnaniL. The appeal of gossiping fallacies and its eco-logical roots Pragmatics and Cognition 2010 18 365 396

BedfordG. O. Biology and ecology of the phasmatodea Annual Review of Entomology 1978 23 125 149

BertolottiT.MagnaniL. MagnaniL.CarnielliW.PizziC. The role of agency detection in the invention of supernatural beings: an abductive approach Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Abduction Logic and Computational Discovery 2010 Springer, Berlin 195 213

BinghamP. M. Human evolution and human history: a complete theory Evolutionary Anthropology 2000 9 248 257

BrunswikE. The Conceptual Framework of Psychology 1952 Chicago, IL University of Chicago Press

CalvoP.KeijzerF. BaluškaF. Cognition in plants Plant-environment interactions: From sensory plant biology to active plant behavior 2009 Springer, Berlin 247 266

ClarkA. Language, embodiment, and the cognitive niche Trends in Cognitive Science 2006 10 370 374

DessallesJ. L. KnightJ. H. C.Suddert-KennedyM. Language and hominid politics The evolutionary emergence of language: Social function and the origin of linguistic form 2000 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 62 79

DunbarR. Gossip in an evolutionary perspective Review of General Psychology 2004 8 100 110

FlinnM. V.GearyD. C.WardC. V. Ecological dominance, social competition, and coalitionary arms races: Why humans evolved extraordinary intelligence Evolution and Human Behavior 2005 26 10 46

GabbayD. M.WoodsJ. A Practical Logic of Cognitive Systems Volume 2: The Reach of Abduction 2005 North-Holland, Amsterdam

GibsonJ. J. The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception 1979 Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA.

GlendinningP. The mathematics of motion camouflage Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 2004 271 477 481

GriceH. SternbergR.KaufmanK. Logic and conversation Syntax and Semantics 3: Speech Acts 1975 New York, NY. Academic Press

GroseJ. Modelling and the fall and rise of the handicap principle Biology and Philosophy 2011 26 677 696

HammondK. R.StewardT. R. The Essential Brunswik. Beginnings Explications Applications 2001 Oxford Oxford University Press

HampleD.WarnerB.NortonH. The effects of arguing expectations and predispositions on perceptions of argument quality and playfulness Argumentation and Advocacy 2006 43 1 13

HampleD.YoungD. Framing and editing interpersonal arguments Argumentation 2009 23 21 37

HampleD.HanB.PayneD. The aggressiveness of playful arguments Argumentation 2010 24 245 254

HoffmeyerJ. BarbieriM. Semiotic scaffolding of living systems Introduction to biosemiotics 2008 Springer, Berlin 149 166

HusserlE. Cartesian meditations [1931] The Hague (original title: Cartesianische Meditationen 1960 Boston / London Martinus Nijhoff Publishers translated from German by Dorion Cairns

JacobP.JeannerodM. Ways of Seeing: The Scope and Limits of Visual Cognition 2003 Oxford Oxford University Press

KirlikA.StorkersonP. MagnaniL.CarnielliW.PizziC. Naturalizing Peirce’s semiotics: Ecological psychology’s solution to the problem of creative abduction Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Abduction Logic and Computational Discovery 2010 Springer, Heidelberg 31 50

KrosnickJ.BetzA.JussimL.LynnA. Subliminal conditioning of attitudes Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 1992 18 152 162

MagnaniL. Animal abduction Studies in Computational Intelligence 2007a 64 3 28

MagnaniL. GudwinR.QueirozJ. Semiotic brains and artificial minds. How brains make up material cognitive systems Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development 2007b Hershey, PA. Idea Group 1 41

MagnaniL. Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning 2009 Springer, Berlin

MagnaniL. Understanding Violence. Morality Religion and Violence Intertwined: a Philosophical Stance 2011 Springer, Berlin

MagnaniL.BertolottiT. CarlsonL.HölscherC.ShipleyT. Cognitive bubbles and firewalls: epistemic immunizations in human reasoning CogSci 2011 XXXIII Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Austin TX 2011 3370 3375

MajerusM.BruntonC.StalkerJ. A bird’s eye view of the peppered moth Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2000 13 155 159

MalleB. F.MosesL. J.BaldwinD. A. MalleB. F.MosesL. J.BaldwinD. A. Introduction: the significance of intentionality Intentions and Intentionality. Foundation of Social Cognition 2001 Cambridge, MA. MIT Press 1 24

MillikanR. Kimbrough OllerD.GriebelU. On reading signs: Some differences between us and the others Evolution of Communication Systems: A Comparative Approach 2004 Cambridge, MA MIT Press 15 29

Odling-SmeeF.LalandK.FeldmanM. Niche Construction. A Neglected Process in Evolution 2003 Princeton, NJ. Princeton University Press

OsorioD.SrinivasanM. Camouflage by edge enhancement in animal coloration patterns and its implications for visual mechanisms Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 1991 244 81 85

PeirceC. S. The Essential Peirce. Selected Philosophical Writings 1992-1998 Bloomington, IN Indiana University Press (vol. 1 (1867-1893) ed. by N. Houser and C. Kloesel; vol. 2 (1893-1913) ed. by the Peirce Edition Project)

PessiglioneM.PetrovicP.DaunizeauJ.PalminteriS.DolanR.FrithC. Subliminal instrumental conditioning demonstrated in the human brain Neuron 2008 59 561 567

RossD. H. sapiens as ecologically special: what does language contribute? Language Sciences 2007 29 710 731

SageJ. Truth-reliability and the evolution of human cognitive faculties Philosophical Studies 2004 117 95 106

SchwartzJ.GladdingR. You Are Not Your Brain 2011 Avery, New York, NY

SimonH. A behavioral model of rational choice The American Economic Review 1955 69 99 118

SkelhornJ.RowlandH.RuxtonG. The evolution and ecology of masquerade Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 2010 99 1 8

SladeC. Reasons to buy: The logic of advertisements Argumentation 2002 16 157 158

Snoeck HenkemansF. Manoeuvring strategically with praeteritio Argumentation 2009 23 339 350

SperberD.MercierH. LandemoreH.ElsterJ. Reasoning as a social competence Collective Wisdom 2010 Cambridge Cambridge University Press

SrinivasanM.DaveyM. Strategies for active camouflage of motion Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences 1995 259 19 25

StevensM.MerilaitaS. Animal camouflage: current issues and new perspectives Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2009 364 423 427

ThagardP. The emotional coherence of religion Journal of Cognition and Culture 2005 5 58 74

ThagardP. Coherence, truth and the development of scientific knowledge Philosophy of Science 2007 74 28 74

ThomR. FowlerD. H. Stabilité structurelle et morphogénèse. Essai d’une théorie générale des modèles Structural Stability and Morphogenesis: An Outline of a General Theory of Models 1972 InterEditions Paris W. A. Benjamin Reading MA 1975

ThomR. BrookesW. M.RandD. Modèles mathématiques de la morphogenèse Mathematical Models of Morphogenesis 1980 Ellis Horwood, Chichester Christian Bourgois Paris 1983

ThomR. MeyerV. Esquisse d’une sémiophysique Semio Physics: a Sketch 1988 Addison Wesley, Redwood City, CA InterEditions Paris 1990

ToobyJ.DeVoreI. KinzeyW. G. The reconstruction of hominid behavioral evolution through strategic modeling Primate Models of Hominid Behavior 1987 Albany, NY. SUNY Press 183 237

VicenteK. J. Beyond the lens model and direct perception: toward a broader ecological psychology Ecological Psychology 2003 15 241 267

WoodsJ. ArtemovS.BarringerH.GarcezA.LambL.WoodsJ. Epistemic bubbles We Will Show Them: Essays in Honour of Dov Gabbay (Volume II) 2005 London College Publications 731 774

ZahaviA.ZahaviA. The Handicap Principle: A Missing Piece of Darwin’s Puzzle 1993 New York, NY. Oxford University Press

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 25 25 16
Full Text Views 73 73 68
PDF Downloads 4 4 4
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0