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Biculturals’ Flexible Identity Affects the Retrieval of Autobiographical Memories: an Online Replication of Wang (2008) Using a Pretest-Posttest Group Design

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture
Authors:
Benjamin Uel Marsh Azusa Pacific University California United States

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Hyun Seo Lee BA, Azusa Pacific University California United States

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Janna Schirmer BA, Azusa Pacific University California United States

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Abstract

The current study is a conceptual replication of Wang (2008) using a pretest-posttest design and an online sample through Amazon’s Mechanical Turk. Seventy-one Asian-Americans recalled a recent memory before and after being primed as either Asian or American. On pre-prime memories, conditions did not significantly differ. However, on post-prime memories, participants primed as American recalled more self-focused memories than relationally focused memories and those primed as Asian recalled more relationally focused memories than self-focused memories. In addition, memories of Asian-Americans primed as American consisted of a smaller proportion of social interaction instances than those primed as Asian. In total, 6 of the 8 effects found in Wang (2008) were replicated. We discuss the implications that the current results and past studies have on our understanding of how culture influences memory encoding and retrieval.

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