Drawing on important theories on tradition and modernization that developed in the past few decades, this article is intended to argue against two extreme views concerning tradition and modernity, one propagating that modernization intrinsically precludes tradition and the other claiming that, to uphold tradition, we must reject modernity. Applying the “circular model” of tradition and modernity and the paradigm of “long tradition,” we contend that tradition and modernity comprise and supplement each other and that, together, they form a continuum in the process of modernization, in contrast to the widespread view that modernization breaks away from tradition. We further examine critically various proposals on the usefulness of tradition for modern life and on the value of Confucian ethics for modernization in China. By arguing that tradition must not be separated from modernity and must be seen as part of modernization, this article concludes that only by including tradition will modernization be sustainable and that Confucian ethics can play an important role in reshaping the moral landscape of China in the rapidly modernized and globalized age.
ChuW.C.R.ChengC.T.HeroldDavid“Cultural Convulsions: Examining the Chineseness of Cyber China”Online Society in China: Creating Celebrating and Instrumentalising the Online Carnival2011LondonTaylor & Francis2339
YanYunxiangYanYunxiangKleinmanArthur“The Changing Moral Landscape”Deep China: The Moral Life of the Person What Anthropology and Psychiatry Tell Us About China Today2011BerkeleyUniversity of California Press3677
Yunxiang Yan“The Changing Moral Landscape,” in Deep China: The Moral Life of the Person What Anthropology and Psychiatry Tell Us About China Today ed. Yunxiang Yan and Arthur Kleinman (Berkeley: University of California Press 2011).
W.C.R. Chu and C.T. Cheng“Cultural Convulsions: Examining the Chineseness of Cyber China,” in Online Society in China: Creating Celebrating and Instrumentalising the Online Carnivaled. David Herold (London: Taylor & Francis 2011).