Two Modes of Goddess Depictions in Early Medieval Chinese Literature

in Journal of Chinese Humanities
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Early medieval Chinese literature depicts two modes of goddesses, derived from the two masterpieces attributed to Song Yu, “Rhapsody on the Goddess” and “Rhapsody on Gaotang.” Since Cao Zhi’s “Rhapsody on the Goddess” overshadowed other works among rhapsodies and poems, it appeared as if the influence of “Rhapsody on Gaotang” had stopped. This study reveals the two lineages of goddess depictions in medieval Chinese literature, showing that the “Goddess of Love” has never disappeared.

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References

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1

See Ye Shuxian 葉舒憲, “Gao tang shennü de kua wenhua yanjiu 高唐神女的跨文化研究,” Renwenzazhi 6 (1989): 100-101.

6

Ye, “Gao tang shennü de kua wenhua yanjiu,” 100-101.

9

Ye, “Gao tang shennü,” 100-101.

13

Jin, “Gao tang shennü xingxiang yanjiu,” 21.

15

See Ye Shuxian, Gao tang shennü yu wei na si (Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 1997), 431; Gao Qiufeng 高秋鳳, “Cong Song Yu ‘Shennüfu’ dao Jiang Yan ‘Shuishang shennü fu’—Xian Chin zhi Liuchao shennü fu zhi fazhan 從宋玉”神女賦”到江淹” 水上神女賦”──先秦到六朝”神女賦”之發展 [From Song Yu’s “Rhapsody on the Goddess” to Jiang Yan’s “Rhapsody on the Goddess of the River”: The Development of Rhapsody on Goddess from Pre-Qin Period to the Six Dynasties],” in Di san jie guoji cifu xue xueshu yantao hui lunwen ji 第三屆國際辭賦學學術研討會論文集 [A Paper Collection of the Third International Conference on Rhapsody] (Taibei: Guoli zhengzhi daxue, 1996), 849; Deng Shiliang 鄧仕樑, “Lun Jian’an yi xian xie he shennü wei zhuti de liang zu fu 論建安以’閒邪’和’神女’為主題的兩組賦 [On the Rhapsodies on Leisure and Goddess in the Jian’an Period],” Xinya xue shuji kan 13 (1994).

19

Gao, “Cong Song Yu ‘Shennüfu’ dao Jiang Yan ‘Shuishang Shennü fu,’” 848.

21

Liao, Jian’an cifu zhi chuancheng yu tuo xin, 359.

26

Liao, Jian’an cifu zhi chuancheng yu tuo xin, 358.

28

Hong, “Lun ‘Luo shenfu’ dui liu chao fu tan de yingtou,” 105.

34

See Lu Xun 魯迅, “Gu xiaoshuo gouchen 古小說鉤沉 [Collected Lost Old Stories],” in Lu Xunquanji 魯迅全集 [Complete Works of Lu Xun] (Beijing: Renmin wenxue chubanshe, 1979), 8: 257.

37

Wang et al., Hanwei liuchao biji xiaoshuo daguan, 456.

38

Ibid., 458.

40

See Wendy Doniger O’Flaherty, Dreams, Illusion and Other Realities (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984), 66-67.

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