Reflections on the Japanese influence on some French ceramics, 1866-1886

in Journal of Japonisme
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Abstract

Among major political, economic and intellectual conflicts, a genuine revolution took place in the applied arts during twenty years of the second half of the nineteenth century, notably in French tableware. The discovery of Japanese art coupled with the noticeable pursuit of artistic freedom sparkled intense experimentation and amazing creativity in the production of objects able to meet the wishes of a changing public. After dealing with the concept of Japonisme, this essay proposes to examine what happened within the French manufacture of faience and porcelain between 1866 and 1886.

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Figures
  • View in gallery
    Henry Cros. Colored wax, Philippe Burty, 1873, 10 × 8,7 cm, Institut Néerlandais, Fondation Custodia, Paris.
  • View in gallery
    Emile-Auguste Carolus-Duran, Portrait of Philippe Burty, 1874, Oil on canvas, 47.6 × 40.6 cm (18 3/4 × 16 inches), R.T. Miller Jr. Fund, 1994. 9, Dedicated upper left: A P. Burty, Signed and dated upper right: Carolus-Duran /1874, Allen Memorial Art Museum Oberlin College, Oberlin, OH.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. J. Vieillard & Cie, Bordeaux, faience, ‘Conversation’ plate representing the Japanese booth at the Paris World Fair, 1878, Ø 21.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Philippe Burty (1830-1890). Etching on paper, One of the few prints representing objects from his collection. Here a netsuke in the shape of a mouse, 1873, 30 × 22 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. Japanese lacquer and ink on paper , Certificate and medals belonging to the Order of the Rising Sun awarded to Burty, 1884, Private collection.
  • View in gallery
    Carjat, Photograph from La Galerie Contemporaine, Felix Bracquemond (1833-1914) at the time of Auteuil, 1878, 30 × 25 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. Saint Clément, faience, Sample plate. The motif/message is here enclosed within twelve concentric lines, Late eighteenth century, Ø 21 cm, Sèvres, Cité de la Céramique, © RMN-Grand Palais (Sèvres, Cité de la céramique) / Martine Beck-Coppola.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. Pont à Mousson Co, iron, tree protection typical of the Paris cityscape, Ø 150.0 cm.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Leboeuf & Millet & C°, faience, The Rousseau service. Table set for a country lunch (plates, flatware, glassware, linen, stoneware and cutlery), 1867, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Felix Bracquemond. Print on paper, published in l’Art pour Tous, sheet of designs for the Rousseau set, 1878, 35 × 25 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Leboeuf et Millet & C°, faience, Assiette Révolutionnaire, Ce soleil me fait peur, 1868, Ø 24 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond Leboeuf et Millet et C°, faience, Plate. Paris, Notre Dame cathedral seen from the left bank., 1869-1870, Ø 25.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    A. Dammouse. Chaplet studio for L’Escalier de Cristal, faience, Round dish. Magpie and butterfly, 1872 (?), Ø 35 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Artist unknown. Hippolyte Boulanger, Bourg-la-Reine, faience, An eagle looking at its reflection in a waterfall, 1883, Ø 22 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Leboeuf et Millet & C°, faience, Rousseau set. Oval dish with two turkeys, 1868, 35 × 25.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. J. Vieillard & C° (Bordeaux), faience, Grands Oiseaux set. Turkey in a courtyard, 1878, Ø 22.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. J. Vieillard & C° (Bordeaux), faience. Two Hokusai Manga albums, Coupe plate. Enamel decor with a monk in the company of animals. Models taken from Japanese albums, 1878, Ø 22.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Artist unknown. Barluet factory, faience, Fish dish from the Japon set, 1878 (?), 60 × 32 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Nadar. Photograph, Charles Haviland (1839-1921) at the time of Auteuil, Circa 1879, H. 10.0 L. 6.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Henry, Limoges. Photograph, Theodore Haviland (1842-1919) at the time of Auteuil, Circa 1879, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Ink and gouache on paper, Page from a Haviland & C° sales catalogue, 1866 (?), 35 × 45 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    H. Somm. Etching on paper, Japan inspired proof print for a plate decor., 1872, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    A. Dammouse (att.). Haviland & C°, porcelain, Plate, Indien decor., 1873, Ø 24.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Dammouse, unknown, Pallandre. Haviland & C°, porcelain, Plate. Composite decor made of Persan and Fruits pour milieux d’assiettes. The circular border has been broken into pieces., 1873, Ø 24.0 c., YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Pallandre. Haviland & C°, porcelain, Plate, Fleurs Saxe decor, 1873, Ø 24.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Palllandre. Haviland & C°, porcelain, table set for tea. Teapot, sugar bowl and six cups and saucers, Cannelé shape, Plantes Marines decor. Linen, silverware, 1874, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Pallandre (?). H & C°, porcelain, Rectangular platter, Decor re-used on a later shape (wheat), 1875 (for the decor), 30 × 40 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Printed book, Two pages from the Haviland & C° Catalogue., 1878, 21.0 × 30.0 cm each, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Haviland & C°, porcelain. Japanese print on paper, Plate coupe shape, decoration Sujets Japonais or N° 2403 decor, later known as Treize beautés Japonaises, Utagawa Kuniyoshi, Kabuki actor, nineteenth century, 1876, Ø 22.7 cm, 37.0 × 25.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    F. Bracquemond. Haviland & C°, porcelain. Two etchings, two plates of the Parisien decor with corresponding etchings, 1876, Ø 24.0 cm, YLA coll. Photo: Martine Beck-Coppola, Paris.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Wood and zinc, plaque used to print the Animaux set, 1879, 23.0 × 23.0 × 2 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Felix Bracquemond, H & C°, porcelain, Comport with the Roses effeuillées decor, 25 × 25 cm, 1879, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Theodore R. Davis (1840-1894), ink and gouache on paper, Rutherford B. Hayes White House service. Project for a metal mounted fruit compote with a detail of the compote magnolia petal shaped., 1879, 45 × 27cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    T.R. Davis and A. Dammouse, H & C°, porcelain, Game dish. Duck decor from the Hayes set with floral border, Early 1880s, 45 × 25 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Etching on paper, Proof print for a plate. Fleurs et Rubans decor. Pivoine (peony). B705-716, 1879, 31.5 × 24.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Felix Bracquemond. Leboeuf & Millet & C°, faience, Sugar bowl for the Fleurs et Rubans service, 1879, 22 × 20 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Haviland & C°, porcelain., Tureen and cover, Vermicelle shape, Fleurs et rubans decor underglaze., ca 1884, 12.5 × 24 ×Ø 21.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Henry Cros. Colored wax, Madeleine Burty, 1873, 15 × 10,5 cm, Galerie Chantal Kiener, Paris.
  • View in gallery
    Girardin & A. Dammouse. Haviland & C°, porcelain., Japanese fan, Arabesque shape, decor Fleurs Parisiennes., 1883, 25.0/35.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Lissac. Haviland & C°, porcelain, Round dish, Ranson shape, Fleurs et Graines decor., Early 1880s., Ø 32.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Charles Haviland. Ink on paper, Letter to Theodore. Notice the drawing of a plate with the A-B cut, 09/02/1885, 10 × 22 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    A. Dammouse. Haviland & C°, porcelain, Plate. Marseille shape. Underglaze blue border and floral decor., After 1884, Ø 24.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Printed paper, Page from the photographic catalogue of Haviland & C° showing tea set trays of different shapes, 1889, 24 × 19 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Artist unknown. Print on paper, La Porte Chinoise, Around 1865 (?), 12 × 9 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Felix Bracquemond. Gouache on paper, Design for the Oiseaux set, 1873-1874, 40 × 60 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Jean-Baptiste Jules Klagmann (1810-1867). Haviland & C°, soft paste, Turquoise and violet glazed Psyche, 1876, 65 × 30 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Haviland & C°, faience, Lyra-shaped vase on foot. Pink glaze. (Cernuschi model), 1874, 20.0 × 16.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond (att.). Haviland & C°, faience, Lyra-shaped vase on foot. Slips decor (waterlily and iris)., 1876, 20 × 11.0 × 4.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, faience, Large engraved plate, shape Nénuphar. Blue mountain landscape painted decor, 1874, Ø 51.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Félix Bracquemond. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, faience, Engraved plate, shape Nénuphar. Forest landscape, 1874, Ø 41.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Jenny Young. Printed book, The Ceramic Art, pages 322 and 323, 1878, 18 × 30 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, Billette vase, 1876-1883, 360 × 26.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Printed book, Two pages from the Haviland & C°, Catalogue., 1878, 21.0 × 30.0 cm each, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Artist unknown. Laurin Bourg-la-Reine, glazed earthenware, Square box, slips decoration inside and black glazing outside, 1873, 5 × 12 × 12 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    C. Midoux. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, Pitcher, 22.0 × Ø 14.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Zincograph on paper, signatures of the artists of the Auteuil Studio, 1894, 30.5 × 22.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Merlot (?). Haviland & C°, Atelier Studio, terracotta, Round charger. Barbizon-type landscape, 1876-1883, Ø 29.5 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Marie Bracquemond (1841-1916). Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, Slips-decorated large earthenware charger. Medieval woman holding a phylactery, 1878 (?), Ø 55 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    J. Habert. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, pair of billette vases. Flowers and butterflies, 1876-1883, 52.0 × 32.0 × 8.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    L. Parizot. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, pitcher vase. Branch and two flying swallows, 1876-1883, 33.0 × Ø 20 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    J. Habert. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, round vase in the shape of a flask with a narrow mouth. Birds sitting on a branch, 1876-1883, 22.0 × 21.0 × Ø 7.0 cm, Baronne Feray, Paris.
  • View in gallery
    E. Dammouse. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, Large spherical vase with a wide collar. Effect of light shadow in the coloring of the flowers, 1876-1883, 36.0 × Ø 36.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    J.-P. Aubé. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, basket-shaped vase with sculpture in the round, 1876-1881, 22.0 × 18.0 × 18.0 cm, Private coll.
  • View in gallery
    E. Renard. Haviland & C°, Auteuil Studio, terracotta, Two vases with high-relief sculpted floral decoration, 1876-1883, 20.0 × Ø 11.0 & 11.0 × Ø 11.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Author unknown. Printed photograph, Reproduction of a Jean-Désiré Ringel d’Illzach (1847-1916) stoneware plaque (46.6 × 74.7 cm) kept in the Sèvres Museum. Members of the Auteuil Studio, Mid 1880s (?), 25 × 45 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet studio, stoneware, Set of pitchers of various colors, 1883-1885, 12.0 to 25.0 × Ø 8.0 to 17.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. Photograph, Page from the H & C°, stoneware sales catalogue, 1885 (?), 24.0 × 31.5 & 20.0 × 31 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    A. Dammouse (att.). Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet Studio, stoneware, cylindrical pitcher, end of 1882, H. 22.0 × Ø 11.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    A. Dammouse. Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet Studio, stoneware, Cylindrical vase Vine and grapes in low relief, 1883-1885, 42.0 × Ø 17.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    J.-D. Ringel d’Illzach. Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet Studio, decorated stoneware, Symbolist (?) detail of a cylindrical vase. Landscape with a young woman fishing, 1884, 45 × Ø 20 cm, Private coll.
  • View in gallery
    Jean-Paul Aubé (1837-1916). Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet Studio, stoneware sculptures, Clémence-Isaure, a late 14th-century poet (left), and another woman in mediaeval dress, 1884, 39 × 12 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Unknown. Haviland &C°, Limoges, porcelain, set of pitchers with Kate Greenaway-style figures, 1886, 14.0 to 22.5 × Ø 7.5 to 11.0 cm, Private coll.
  • View in gallery
    E. Dammouse. Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet Studio, glazed stoneware, Large ovoid vase. Flower stems rhythmically repeated all around, 1885-1886, 36.0 × Ø 23.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    A. Dammouse. Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet Studio, glazed stoneware, Plate. White rabbit and floral branches on a dark blue background , 1885-1886, Ø 19.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Ernest Chaplet. Haviland & C°, Rue Blomet Studio, porcelain, vase, Mei Ping shape, copper red glaze, late 1885, 41.0 × Ø 20.0 cm, YLA coll.
  • View in gallery
    Ernest Chaplet. Chaplet Studio Choisy le Roi, porcelain, ovoid shape vase with small mouth. Dotted copper red glaze, 1889 (?), 11.0 × Ø 7.5 cm, YLA coll.
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