In order to struggle against the growing influence in the Arab world of the secular nationalism promoted in Egypt by President Nasser, Saudi Arabia decided in the ‘60s to appear as a center of religious and ideological influence. The cornerstone of the hegemonic politics of Saudi Arabia for the world leadership of Islam was the creation, in 1962, of the Muslim World League. This organization was in charge of financing projects related to the development of Islam in the world. It is probably in Europe that the proselyte activities of the League are the most important. If the League holds a predominant position in the soft power politics of the Saudi kingdom, its mission is also to struggle against ideologies that are likely to threaten the stability of the regime. It funds projects of mosques construction, distributes Korans and brochures, organizes Islamic classes and conferences, hoping to create networks of clientele and of non-critical allegiances to the Saudi kingdom in the Muslim populations. The League advocates a heterogeneous salafism, which indeed resembles, at least on a dogmatic level, the salafism advocated by theologists of Saudi Arabia but dissociates itself from it on a social and a political level. Confronted to the multiplication of international risks (the Iraq War, al-Qaeda, Saudi jihadists . . .), the League takes part in a vast institutional ensemble “of protection of the Saudi throne,” like the Dar al Ifta, Council of the Saudi ulamas, which pledges allegiance to the authority and fight against anti-establishment Islamism and Islamic terrorism with its different fatwas.
Jocelyne CesariL’islam à l’épreuve de l’Occident (Paris: La Découverte2004) p. 144. Hamadi Redissi Le pacte de Nadj. Ou comment l’islam sectaire est devenu islam Paris Le Seuil 2007 pp. 253-264.
Jocelyne Cesari, L’islam à l’épreuve de l’Occident (Paris: La Découverte, 2004) p. 144. Hamadi Redissi, Le pacte de Nadj. Ou comment l’islam sectaire est devenu islam, Paris, Le Seuil, 2007, pp. 253-264.)| false
See Antoine SfeirLes réseaux d’Allah. Les filières islamistes en France et en EuropeParisPlon2001. Alexandre del Valle Le totalitarisme islamiste à l’assaut des démocraties Paris Les Syrtes 2002.
See Antoine Sfeir, Les réseaux d’Allah. Les filières islamistes en France et en Europe, Paris, Plon, 2001. Alexandre del Valle, Le totalitarisme islamiste à l’assaut des démocraties, Paris, Les Syrtes, 2002.)| false