Doing Minority Justice Through Procedural Fairness: Face Veil Bans in Europe

in Journal of Muslims in Europe
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Abstract

The French and Belgian bans on face veils in public places have been subjected to strong substantive human rights critiques. This article takes a complementary approach, examining the bans from the perspective of procedural fairness. Indeed, the French and Belgian bans are extreme examples of legislative processes taking place above the heads of the people concerned, neglecting the ban’s possible human rights impact. After exploring what the social psychology notion of procedural fairness entails for the judiciary and the legislator, especially in a multicultural context, this article details procedural fairness shortcomings with respect to the face veil ban in France and Belgium. Subsequently, the article sets out how the European Court of Human Rights might compensate for these shortcomings.

Doing Minority Justice Through Procedural Fairness: Face Veil Bans in Europe

in Journal of Muslims in Europe

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References

3

Tyler Tom R.“Procedural Justice and the Courts”Court Review44(1/2) (2008) p. 26; Tyler Tom R. “What is procedural justice?: Criteria used by citizens to assess the fairness of legal procedures” Law and Society Review 22 (1988) p. 121; Gangl Amy “Procedural Justice Theory and Evaluations of the Lawmaking Process” Political Behavior 25 2 (2003) p. 120 (with reference to Hibbing John R. and Theiss-Morse Elizabeth “Process Preferences and American Politics: What the People Want Government to Be” The American Political Science Review 95(1) (2001) pp. 145-153.

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Tyler“Procedural Justice and the Courts” p. 30.

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42

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Martinez-Torron Javier“The (Un)protection of Individual Religious Identity in the Strasbourg Case Law”Ox. J Law Religion (2012) p. 2.

131

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132

Cf. Ferrari Silvio“The Strasbourg Court and Article 9 of the European Convention of Human Rights: A Quantitative Analysis of the Case Law” in The Lautsi Papers: Multidisciplinary Reflections on Religious Symbols in the Public School Classroom Temperman Jeroen (ed.) (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff 2012) p. 23 and Martinez-Torron “The (Un)protection of Individual Religious Identity in the Strasbourg Case Law” p. 6.

146

Hammarberg Thomas“Human Rights in Europe: no grounds for complacency”Council of Europe Publishing (2011) p. 36.

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Resolution 1743 (2010) Islam Islamism and Islamophobia in Europe.

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Recommendation 1927 (2010) Islam Islamism and Islamophobia in Europe para. 3.13.

152

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