Both Muslim and European? An Inquiry into the Case of the Muslim Community in Lithuania

In: Journal of Muslims in Europe
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  • 1 Gedimino str. 44, Faculty of Political Science and Diplomacy, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas LT-44240, Lithuania

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Abstract

The article analyses the Lithuanian case as an example of Muslim presence in North-Eastern Europe. The theoretical foundation of the article is Nira Yuval-Davis’ ideas found in her 2006 article “Belonging and the politics of belonging.” Nira Yuval-Davis’ outline of “an analytical framework for the study of belonging and the politics of belonging” has been instrumentalised in the present research on narratives of belonging and inclusion of Lithuania’s autochthonous Muslim community, the Lithuanian Tatars. Employing historical evidence and current legal framework of the governance of religion, interviews with Tatar community leaders, opinion polls and media reports, the article not only illuminates the position which the Muslim Tatar community currently occupies in Lithuania but also the place of the broader “Muslim question” in the national discourse.

  • 1

    Yuval-Davis, Nira, “Belonging and the politics of belonging”, Patterns of Prejudice, vol. 40, no. 3 (2006), 197.

  • 5

    Yuval-Davis, “Belonging and the politics of belonging”, p. 197.

  • 7

    Ibid., p. 199.

  • 16

    Department of Statistics, Gyventojai pagal tautybę, gimtąją kalbą ir tikybą, p. 14.

  • 17

    Ibid., p. 7.

  • 18

    Ibid., p. 14.

  • 19

    Ibid., pp. 204-205.

  • 26

    Yuval-Davis, “Belonging and the politics of belonging”, p. 207.

  • 27

    Račius, Egdūnas, “Islamic organisations in the Baltic States: commonalities and differences in coping with the consequences of the national legal framework and social environment”, in Islamic organisations in Europe and the USA:A Multidisciplinary Perspective, Kortmann, Matthias and Rosenow-Williams, Kerstin (eds.) (Pelgrave-Macmillian, forthcoming).

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  • 28

    Račius, Egdūnas, “Trials and tribulations of the Lithuanian participation in the ISAF”, in Statebuilding in Afghanistan: Multinational Contributions to Reconstruction, Hynek, Nik and Marton Péter (eds.) (Routledge, Routledge Studies in Intervention and Statebuilding, 2011), pp. 261-277.

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  • 29

    Yuval-Davis, “Belonging and the politics of belonging”, p. 205.

  • 37

    Yuval-Davis, “Belonging and the politics of belonging”, p. 197.

  • 38

    Ibid., p. 199.

  • 39

    Ibid., p. 197.

  • 47

    Yuval-Davis, “Belonging and the politics of belonging”, p. 203.

  • 51

    Kasatkina, “ ‘Istorinės’ diasporos šiuolaikinėje Lietuvos visuomenėje”, p. 42.

  • 54

    Rumša, “Nuo Žalgirio laikų iki mūsų dienų”, p. 7.

  • 55

    Jakubauskas, “Lietuvos totorių bendruomenė vakar ir šiandien”, p. 5.

  • 56

    Karić, Enes, “Is ‘Euro-Islam’ a Myth, Challenge or a Real Opportunity for Muslims and Europe?”, in Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, vol. 22, no. 2 (2002), p. 435.

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  • 57

    Yuval-Davis, “Belonging and the politics of belonging”, p. 199.

  • 58

    Ibid, p. 197.

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